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Social Development in the Childhood | Social Developement in Infancy

Social Development in the Childhood

In childhood socialization gets faster. The child comes into direct contact with the society outside, resulting in rapid social development.

 Social development during childhood may be expressed as under

1. Group Membership :

The boys and girls become members of a group. It is a group that determines the tastes, and other justifiable features of their games and clothes. The boy intends to follow the set of actions as well as the 'activities' as decided by the' team '.

2. Social Qualities :

As a group member, many social traits develop within the boys and girls. The qualities of responsibility, co - operation, courage, tolerance, understanding, self - control, fairness, etc. grow slowly in the child.

3. Sex Linked Qualities :

This stage clearly distinguishes the interests of the boy and the girl child. Boys are more interested in games such as running sports, moving out of the house, fighting, etc., while girls are more interested in dancing and singing, embroidery and domestic work.

4. Extroversionity :

Children in their childhood often want to be out of the house, but they are polite in behaviour. Children want to leave their mark before others, acquaintances and relatives. They suggest other people to be educated and cultured.

5. Need of Social Recognition :

At this stage, the boy and the girl develop a strong desire for social acceptance and appreciation. Boys and girls strive to do things that other people like and behave to others and that other people admire. Support young children, help in family tasks, read and write and follow the instructions.

6. Selection of Friends :

Children who are deprived of love and affection are often burdened with income. During childhood, Children yearn for the affection and protection of their parents, the old members of the family and others. When they receive the desired love and protection, they develop positive social qualities, while children who are not blessed with love and protection become more and more susceptible to negativity.

7. Selection of Friends :

During childhood,  children choose friends. They often make classmates, best friends or fellow - students of similar age in a neighbourhood. In this stage, the children follow the attitude, ideas, habits and so on of friends.

Social Developement in Infancy 

Though the child is not social at birth, it is only through the first contact of the child with another person that the socialization process begins, in one way or another, that it continues for life in some form or the other. The child 's social status starts changing with the constant interaction of others, leading to the process of socialization or social development.

Social development of the child during infancy takes place in the following manner: -

1. Social Development in the First Month :

In the first month, a child may not respond clearly to the sight of a person or object. It must respond to bright light and sound. He reacts to cry and turn the eyes.

2. Social Development in the Second Month :

In the second week, babies recognize voices. When a person talks to a child or claps or shows a toy, he turns his head and smiles at others.

3. Social Development in the Third month :

In the third month the baby begins to recognise the mother and the family members. When a person speaks to the child or talks to him or claps, he quips and looks at him.

4. Social Development in the Fourth Month :

In the fourth month the child laughs and smiles at the approaching people. When a person plays with him, he laughs and often weeps when he is alone.

5. Social Development in the Fifth Month :

In the fifth month, baby starts to understand the difference between love and anger. Even when the other person laughs or is happy, he laughs and is scared when someone is angry or scolded and often starts crying.

6. Social Development in the Sixth Month :

In the sixth month a child begins to differentiate between a stranger and a stranger. He is afraid of strangers. The baby tends to behave aggressively towards adults. He seems to be pulling elders hair, clothes, glasses, watch etc.

7. Social Development in the Ninth Month :

In the ninth month, efforts are made to emulate the words, gestures and actions of the angry people. He tries to pronounce the small words in his new fashion.

8. Social Development in the First Year :

At the age of one year, baby gets mixed with the members of the house. When doing something improper, he agrees when elders refuse, and shows his fear and dislike for the strangers.

9. Social Development in the Second Year :

At the age of two years, the infant begin to co - operate with the members of the home in their work. With such actions, he begins to strive to become an active member of the family.

10. Social Development in the Third Year :

At the age of three he began to play with other children in the neighbourhood. He develops social relations by sharing toys and sharing them with other children through mutual cooperation in different tasks.

11. Social Development in the Fourth Year :

During the fourth year, children often visit nursery schools where they develop social connections with new individuals and children and adjust themselves to the new social environment in the school.

12. Social Development in the Fifth Year :

In the fifth year, the moral sense of the child starts developing. He tries to form himself in accordance with the accepted norms of the group he is a member of. At this stage his social behaviour begins to attain maturity.

13. Social Development in the Sixth Year :

In the sixth year a child goes to a primary school where formal education begins. The child makes new friends at school. Participates in all kinds of social work and adapts itself to new conditions.