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Describe in detail the Types of Prejudice | Different types of Prejudice


Describe in detail the types of Prejudice 


Types of prejudice – Different types of prejudice have been considered. Some types of prejudice are as follows-

(1) Racial Prejudice / Race – 

In racial prejudice, a person is prejudiced against people of a different race than himself. In India also we find examples of racial prejudice. 

If we look into the depth of racial prejudices, we will find that there is not even an iota of truth in it. 

Although, as before, mutual bias among species was more visible, now it is less, but the bias has not disappeared. 

This shows that racial prejudice is still prevalent today. It is revealed from time to time. Research done from time to time exposes this fact.


(2) Sex Prejudice – 

Sex prejudice refers to a particular type of prejudice towards persons of any sex. 

American psychologists found that about 30 years ago, sex prejudice was high in America. Due to this prejudice, women were considered to be weak, dependent on others, etc., that is, a positive bias was kept towards women. 

Men were considered to be relatively hardworking, authoritarian, influential, with leadership power, i.e. viewed with a positive bias. 

Although today in American society both are seen as equivalent. But sex prejudice still exists in Indian society. 

Here even today women are considered dependent on men, weak, husbandly women. The reason for this is women themselves.


(3) Age bias – 

Age is also a cause of bias. We consider the old as weak, dependent, inactive, crippled, helpless and treat them in the same way. 

Especially in Japan, the elderly live longer. That's why the people there burn them alive because the culture there is also like this. 

Age bias exists in India as well. Today's young generation leaves the old people in old age homes to get rid of them which is unfair.


(4) Communal Prejudice - 

Communal prejudice refers to the attitude of the people of another community or community towards a particular community.

In India, the attitudes of the three communities, namely the Samaj, the Muslim community and the Sikh community, are more intense towards each other. Due to which they are prejudiced against each other. It is because of this prejudice that Hindu-Muslim, Hindu-Muslim communal riots take place.


(5) Bias related to costumes - 

The costumes that people adopt themselves become more interested in them. They don't consider other costumes to be good. A Muslim's Turkish cap creates prejudice in a Hindu.

(6) Culture Prejudice – 

A person adopts a biased attitude towards his culture. He looks down on other cultures. Indians consider their culture superior to western culture. 

Similarly, people of western culture consider Indian culture to be very inferior. As a result, prejudice is created.


(7) Economic prejudice – 

There is mutual enmity and conflict in different level groups in the society. Poor and rich, working class, capitalist and working class develop prejudice towards each other.

(8) Prejudice related to religion – 

In religious prejudice, a person shows a positive attitude towards people of his own religion and a negative attitude towards people of other religions. 

As a result mutual enmity arises. People who follow Hindu religion are more prejudiced towards people who follow Muslim religion. 

We find this type of prejudice or the social side effect of prejudice in different types of social practices based on religious beliefs.


(9) Regional bias – 

Regional bias is also seen in India. Urban people consider themselves to be more intelligent, clever and modern and consider the person living in the village to be slow minded and mindless. 

Individuals living in urban areas also have mutual prejudice. People living in metros like Delhi, Mumbai are often considered cunning and selfish by the people of small towns. While not all are like this.


(10) Prejudice related to politics – 

Prejudice related to politics is more visible in India. A member of a political party considers its principles as ideal and has a positive bias towards the members of the party but considers other's political parties as corrupt. exposes his weaknesses. 

In this way prejudice is born out of political interests. Their bickering during session period makes the bias clear.


(11) Varna Prejudice – 

Prejudice based on Varna is present everywhere, not only in India but also found in foreign countries. Black-white discrimination etc. is also a prejudice based on character. 

When caste-based prejudice is formed, the behavior, nature, intelligence and ability of individuals are estimated on the basis of these.


(12) Caste related prejudice – 

India is a country in which people of different castes live. It has often been seen that people of one caste consider people of other caste to be inferior and inferior to them and show discrimination towards them. This is called caste prejudice. 

One advantage of caste prejudice is that people of the same caste regard each other as members of the same society, regardless of region, occupation, or class. 

As a result, unity remains in the name of their caste. The clear result of this is that their prejudice is positive towards the people of their own caste but they have negative prejudice towards the people of other caste and enmity and hostility towards them increases, due to which the amount of caste riots is born.


(13) Language Prejudice – 

People of many castes live in India, as well as their languages ​​are also different due to which language prejudice is born. 

In this type of prejudice, all people speaking a language show some unity among themselves by considering themselves as members of the same group. Shows a sense of insignificance and rancor towards people speaking other languages. 

Everyday we keep reading the news of the partisan community in the newspapers regarding the language. Still, people in South India are maintaining a negative attitude towards Hindi language and they are always in fear that this language might be imposed on us.


(14) Odor Prejudice – 

There is prejudice on the basis of smell also. Different human body odors are found in human groups, for example, a Japanese woman used to work in a hotel, she was so impressed by the body odor of a white man that she fainted. 

This reaction does not happen in a normal person, but it definitely happens that a white caste person does not like the body odor of yellow or black caste people, so he should look at them with low vision.


(15) Prejudice related to different facial features – 

There are differences in facial features of people belonging to different castes, species and groups. 

For example, the facial features of Bengali, Bihari etc. differ. The head of a Bengali will be big, the shape of the face will be such that he will appear different from the residents of other provinces. Prejudice is built on the basis of these differences.


(16) Nationality-related prejudice – 

Many types of differences develop among different nations. Because of this, prejudice develops in them, like- Americans, Russians, Japanese- in Britain, India-Pakistan, Indo-Chinese have mutual prejudice.

(17) Prejudice related to personal interests – 

Preconceptions are also formed on the basis of personal interests. If a person hates a thing, he develops prejudices towards other similar things and the thing in which other people take interest.


(18) Disability related prejudice-

Disabled and crippled children are also called disabled children or disabled children. 

Kothari commission has divided the children with disabilities into three parts-

(i) Physically handicapped-blind, lame, dumb and deaf children.

(ii) Intellectually Handicapped – Congenital short and retarded child.

(iii) Handicapped due to social reasons—The child who has become abnormal due to not being refined in the right and proper way in the society.


“Physically handicapped children are physically handicapped persons. Such a person has some abnormal deficiency in one or the other organ due to which he is not able to do daily work like a normal person. Disabled children are not able to social adjustment due to their physical defects.

In this way, from the very beginning, there is a prejudice among people towards these disabled people that disabled people are a burden on us. 

That's why they look at them with disdain or look at them with sympathy. There is a prejudice in their mind that they are not capable of doing work, as a result of which they form a negative attitude towards them, while more intelligence is found in physically handicapped children, who are extremely retarded children, they do not like to see them. Now, due to the efforts of the government, sections of the society have started paying attention to them.