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Stages of Language Development b.ed notes | Stage of Speech Development b.ed notes


Stages of Language Development


Stages of Speech Development


There are many stages of language development in children, which are as follows-

1. Preparation to speak-

(a) Crying

(b) Babbling

(c) Gestures 


2. Expressions of real language 

(a) Comprehensive power

(b) pronunciation 

(c) Vocabulary 

1. Preparation to speak-


(a) Crying:-

Crying starts right from the birth of the baby, which is the initial form of its language. If the child cries normally, then crying fulfills his need. At the same time, his muscles are also exercised. By this exercise his muscles grow and co-ordination of muscles increases. Crying makes them sleep well and their appetite increases.

Crying also relieves the emotional stress of children, but excessive crying is harmful both physically and psychologically for the child.


(b) Babbling :-

As the age increases, the crying of children gets converted into babbling for some time. From the end of the first month, the child starts making or speaking some simple sounds, while sneezing, while yawning, while coughing, the child speaks some complex sounds. These sounds are called cooing.

Bablana starts from the age of about 2 months in children and continues till the age of 13 months. Babbling strengthens the maturity of the children's larynx! With increasing age the child starts speaking more and more sounds. In babble, the child repeats the vowels first and mixing the consonants with them. 


(c) Gestures : 

Gestures are displayed by children as a complement to language. The gestures of the children are born along with the babble. The child shows his gestures by smiling, by spreading his hand, by showing finger, in non-verbal language. Therefore, for children, gesture is an easy means of expression of thoughts, which is used in place of words.

2. Expressions of real language 


(a) Comprehensive power :-

The ability of children by which they can imitate other's actions and gestures is called 'Assessment power'. According to Harlock, the development of the power of estimation in a child has already happened before the use of words. It is often seen that the child learns those sentences quickly, in which some gestures are also associated with the words.


(b) Pronunciation :-

Children of about 1 year of age develop readiness and ability to pronounce words. At this time he can pronounce many such simple sounds which he had never uttered before. It learns by imitation!

(c) Vocabulary :-

The increase in the child's vocabulary goes along with the increase in his age.