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Different types of Communication | Bednotesatoz


Different types of communication


It is communication that acts as a bridge between the listener and the receiver in the exchange of thoughts or feelings. 

The more powerful and effective this bridge is, the more effective the communication will be. Whether we use language as a medium or non-verbal objects, actions and signs, whatever we want to say, the methods adopted by us should be such that the receiver involved in the communication receives the thoughts or feelings expressed by us in the same form and form. Accept the meaning as we want. 

For this we can use communication by dividing it into the following types:


1) View of the medium of communication: 

The nature and nature of the exchange of thoughts and feelings etc. between the source and the receiver is deeply influenced by the medium of communication. 

Therefore, keeping in mind the medium of communication, we can classify the communication between them into verbal and non-verbal and natural and mechanical.

2) Verbal and non-verbal communication : 

The form of communication that takes place between the teacher and the students in the class rooms is mostly verbal and non-verbal communication.

The communication in which the source and the receiver use oral or written forms of language to exchange ideas and feelings is called verbal communication.


On the contrary, the communication which is not accomplished by non-verbal signs without using language is called non-verbal communication. 

In verbal communication, the same language is used by both the source and the receiver, which they understand well and they do not have difficulty in coding and decoding it. 

In this view, it is not necessary for both to use universal and universal language, they can also use such language, which only they know.

We keep on using non-verbal communication directly and indirectly, no matter how proficient we are in verbal communication. 

In some situations, we are left with no choice but to use non-verbal communication methods.


Difficulty in speaking, reading, writing etc., being deaf and dumb are examples of such situations. 

Many times we use non-verbal communication also because by this communication can be made even more effective. 

Non-verbal communication can also have many forms and types such as facial expressions, eye language, body language, speech or sound cues, symbolic code language etc.

3) Natural and mechanical communication: 

Such communication in which a group of two or more persons exchange thoughts and feelings naturally without the help of any artificial means or equipment is called natural or natural communication.


On the contrary, when one or more of the sources, receivers or mediums of communication become mechanical without remaining in their natural form, then the communication accomplished by them is called mechanical or mechanical communication

Telephone, teleprinter, paging, audio, video recording, satellite and television operated communication come under this category.

4) In view of communication circumstances: 

At the time of communication communication can have the following forms and types in view of the organization of persons and the available circumstances. 

Two-personal communication: This type of communication takes place between two persons. Whatever informal and sometimes formal communication we do with each other in normal life as a friend, relative, partner or two strangers, it is all this type of communication.


5) Small Group Communication : 

This type of communication occurs between the members of a small group (consisting of more than two persons). 

Like among family members, among students in class and among people going to temples, mosques, gurudwaras, among passengers traveling in buses and trains. 

In addition to individuals, interpersonal communication can also occur between groups, such as communication between a family with its neighboring family or other members in the locality.


6) Large Group or Mass Communication: 

In this type of communication, a large number of individuals or their groups are involved. 

The form of this type of communication is mostly formal. The communication that takes place in the school premises for organizing prayer meetings and inter-curricular activities can be called public communication. Addressing the public meeting by the leaders, consulting on the village chaupal,

The communication that goes on between individuals and groups at the time of organizing discourses or programs at temples or other religious places can be called long group or public communication. 

In comparison to two-person and small group communication, more emphasis is laid on pre-planning, organization and order in this type of communication.


7) Organization or Institutional Communication:

Such communication, which happens in various organizations and institutions like industrial institutions, hospitals, educational institutions, police, army and other government offices and departments, etc., comes under this category. 

This type of communication is very much planned, structured and systematic and hence there is an atmosphere of complete formality in it. 

Mass communication: The field of this type of communication is very wide. Radio, television, video, film, cinema, newspapers, magazines, advertisements, books and literature etc. public relations and communication tools are used as mediums in this type of communication. 

It is a type of indirect communication in which there is no direct contact between the source and the receiver.