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Fatigue: Meaning, definitions, types, characteristics, remedies | Causes of Fatigue




When the child starts working more than necessary, then he starts feeling tired. When fatigue sets in, he cannot understand the lesson properly and his ability also gets blocked and his learning is affected.

Definitions of Fatigue 


According to Drever," Fatigue is the loss of ability or productivity of work as a result of previous expenditure of energy in doing work.,

In the words of Drill , "Fatigue is that condition of man in which his physical adjustment is no longer possible.,

According to Boring, "The loss of capacity as a result of continuous work can be known as Fatigue.,

Types of Fatigue 

Fatigue is of two types:


1. Physical fatigue

2. Mental fatigue 

Physical fatigue

Physical fatigue comes from physical exertion. Due to continuous physical work, the muscles get relaxed and the person wants to rest.

Mental fatigue

Mental fatigue comes from continuous mental work.

When a person keeps on doing mental work continuously, then the intellectual and thinking powers of the brain get relaxed.


According to Valentine," Mental fatigue is mainly just boredom. As long as the person's interest remains, he does not experience any kind of mental fatigue., Pragmatic psychology does not believe in mental fatigue.

Characteristics of Physical Fatigue 

Following are the symptoms of physical fatigue:

1. The part of the body which is overworked gets especially tired.

2. There is tiredness in the whole body.


3. The child cannot stand straight.

4. The child starts yawning.

5. There is pallor and lethargy on the face.

6. The child's mouth remains open and breathes through the mouth.

7. Shoulders lean to one side.

8. Starts experiencing lack of power.

9. Changes posture frequently

10. There is procrastination in working.

11. There is heaviness in the eyes.

12. Does not concentrate on work or lessons.

13. The child starts making mistakes in his work.

Characteristics of Mental Fatigue

Symptoms of mental fatigue are as follows:


1. The child shows disinterest in the work to be done.

2. The child starts feeling heaviness in the brain.

3. There is heaviness in the eyelids.

4. There is no focus on the text.

5. There are more impurities.

6. There is a decrease in thinking power and reasoning power.

7. The students start talking to each other.

8. Enthusiasm starts to wane.

9. There is a desire for subject change on relaxation.

Influence on Movement of Learning and Process of Fatigue


1. When the child is tired, the efficiency of learning decreases in him.

2. Children make more mistakes when they are tired

3. A tired child cannot learn properly.

4. Due to fatigue, children are not able to take interest in their lessons or work, their enthusiasm also decreases.

5. There is a decrease in mental work capacity.

6. The pace of learning slows down.

7. After the initial fatigue, the child becomes more efficient in learning. Therefore, the work should not be stopped on experiencing mild fatigue.

8. The effect of fatigue is more on small children.

Therefore, their learning speed and efficiency are also affected more than older children.


In short, we can say that in order not to allow fatigue to arise in the children, the teacher has to keep many things in mind instead of keeping only one thing in mind. He should be sympathetic towards making the whole atmosphere of the school and the classroom encouraging and healthy.

It is necessary for him to understand the causes of Fatigue properly and to remove it by making proper efforts. It is mandatory for him to take the cooperation of the parents of the students in this matter.

Causes of Fatigue

The Following are the causes of fatigue:


1. Contaminated environment of the classroom

The polluted environment of the room is the root cause of tiredness. If there are not enough skylights and windows in the classroom, then due to lack of oxygen, the children will start feeling tired soon.

Similarly, if there is dampness in the classroom and bad smell around, then also the tiredness will come soon.

2. Lack of Light

If there is a lack of light in the classroom, the students will have to strain their eyes more than necessary while reading, resulting in fatigue.


3. Defective Curriculum

If the curriculum is Faulty and subjects are monotonous and not related to life, then the children will get tired soon.

4. Psychological Teaching Methods

When the teacher uses psychological teaching methods in the class, the children start feeling tired.

5. Unsuitable Furniture


In the words of Simpson, " Improper furniture contributes directly to the actual physical Fatigue of children. "Students are not able to sit properly due to unsuitable furniture. So they have to change posture later, as a result they get tired quickly.

6. Detection of toxic substances

Fatigue occurs when toxins accumulate in the body in excess. Excessive labor causes decay of body Fibers.

These dead Fibers produce poison called toxin in the body. This poison is the Father of tiredness.

7. Not getting work on the basis of merit 


When a child is given work of more or less merit than his merit, he gets tired quickly.

8. Effect of weather

Excessive heat causes exhaustion in children. There is less tiredness in winters.

9. Physical weakness

Children who are more physically weak get tired sooner than healthy children.

10. Defective posture


Improper way of sitting or faulty posture of children is also the cause of tiredness.

11. Physical defect

Deafness or weak vision also brings exhaustion in children.

12. Faulty Time Table

When difficult subjects and continuous hours of writing are kept in the time table, the children get tired very quickly.

13. Uninteresting Job


The work which is not in favor of the interest of the children makes the children tired quickly. He doesn't take interest in it and doesn't learn anything.

14. Stay Up Late

When children stay awake late in the night due to various reasons, they get tired quickly in the class.

Measures to Remove Fatigue and Effect on Learning

Ways to remove fatigue and effect on learning are as follows :


1. Hours according to age

Younger children get tired faster than older children.

Therefore, the hours of small children should be of 25 to 30 minutes. Older children can be kept for 35 to 40 minutes.

2. School Timings

School hours should not exceed 7 or 8 hours. In summers this time can be reduced by 1 hour. Also, with the change of season, the school timings should also be changed.

3. School Holiday


There should be two holidays in the school. The first after the second or third hour and the second after the fourth or Fifth hour. Vacation creates enthusiasm in the students.

4. Order of subjects

While preparing the time table, it should also be kept in mind that difficult subjects should be taught in sequence. For example, if the first hour is of English and the second hour is of Mathematics, the student will get tired very soon. Similarly, written work should not be done continuously. Students get tired even from continuous writing.

5. Co-curricular Activities


After the Fifth or sixth hour, one hour should be kept for exercise, sports and entertainment.

6. Light and Air

There should be proper arrangement of light and air in the class. The light Falls on the black-board or white-board in such a way that it does not shine too much. It is necessary to have enough skylights in the classroom so that clean air can enter the room and polluted air can come out.

7. Arrangement of suitable Furniture


It is necessary to arrange suitable furniture in the classroom. The furniture should be such that on which students can sit and read, they do not have to bend much.

8. Ban on External obstacles

There should not be any kind of noise around the room and there should not be any kind of smoke etc.

9. Change in work

Instead of getting the students to do the same work, changes should also be made according to their convenience. Continuously doing the same work leads to monotony in the students and monotony produces fatigue.

10. Psychological Methods


The teacher should teach his lesson as psychologically as possible. Methods should be interesting and inspiring.

11. Adequate Rest

Sleep and rest are the best means of removing fatigue. It is the duty of the teacher to give proper advice to the parents that they must pay attention to the children's rest and adequate sleep.

12. Development of interest

The subject matter should be presented in an interesting manner. The more interesting the teacher presents his course material, the less fatigue the child will experience.

13. Nutritious food


Nutritious and balanced diet is absolutely necessary for the health of children. Healthy children do not get tired easily. Therefore, proper counseling should be given to the parents regarding balanced diet.

If all the above mentioned measures to remove fatigue are used in teaching work, then the rate of learning can be high. Fatigue directly affects learning and any one cause of fatigue can hinder learning.