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Right to Education Act 2009 / Right To Education / Fundamental Right to Education


Right to Education Act 2009 

Fundamental Right to Education 


  • The dream of free and compulsory education for children came true after 6 decades of independence with the enactment of the Act. 
  • It has been named as the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act 2009. 
  • Right to Education Act in which education has been made a fundamental right by adding 21 A by the 86th Amendment Act 2002 of the Constitution. 
  • By this the state was given the duty to provide free and compulsory education to all the children of the age group of 6 to 14 years. 
  • The Right to Education Bill was approved in Parliament on 4 August 2009 and the Right to Education Act came into force from 1 April 2010
  • Various provisions were made under the law to ensure compulsory free education to the children.
  • In which training related to appointment of teachers, development of necessary infrastructure, reservation related to admission of children in private schools and other necessary facilities including mid-day meal in schools. 
  • Special steps have been taken for this and in this the body prohibits mental harassment by teachers, tuition fee per capita and running of schools without recognition. 
  • It provides for the development of curriculum in consonance with the values ​​enshrined in the Constitution which ensures the overall development of the child, enhancement of knowledge and image and child centric knowledge system etc.
  • It clarifies that compulsory education means providing free elementary education and compulsory admission to every child in the age group of 6 to 14 years. 
  • Free means that no child shall be liable to do/pay anything that deters him/her from continuing and completing elementary education.

Right To Education Act 2009 b.ed notes 

Features of Right to Education Act 


  • It will be mandatory for all children in the age group of 6 to 14 years to get free and compulsory education.
  • The task of identifying the illiterate children in the age group of 6 to 14 years and who are unable to get education in the school will be done by the management committee of the permanent school or the local bodies.
  • The local body will conduct household level survey for the children of the children. Such surveys will be conducted regularly. This will help in identifying the children deprived of primary education.
  • These children will not have to spend on things like school, uniform, books or mid-day meal.
  • No school will be able to deny admission to children.
  • Children will neither be stopped from reaching the next class, nor expelled, nor will it be mandatory to pass the examination.
  • The Central and State Governments will jointly bear the expenses for the implementation of this law.
  • Special attention will be paid to the preparation and evaluation process of the school curriculum.
  • The financial burden of this act will be shared in 55 and 45 between the central government and the state government.
  • The infrastructure of the school is not good, it has to be rectified within the stipulated time, otherwise the recognition will be terminated.
  • Along with the quantitative increase in education, qualitative education will also be provided to the children. For this the following efforts will be made
  • Recruitment of qualified teachers
  • Effective reading material
  • Basic education in school
  • Teachers training
  • A certificate will be given to the student who completes the primary education 


Main element of Right To Education / Right to Education Act 


  • Right of child to free and compulsory education
  • Right to transfer to another school
  • Duties of State Government
  • Duties of local authorities
  • Duties of parents and guardians
  • Proof of age for admission
  • Do not deny admission
  • Qualifications for appointment of teachers and terms and conditions of service.
  • Student teacher ratio
  • Constitution of National Advisory Council
  • Formation of State Advisory Council
  • School standards
  • Power of state governments to make rules
  • State government to make arrangements for complete school education
  • School management committee