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Guidance Services in Schools


Guidance Services in Schools: Introduction, Committees and Scope 

Introduction to Guidance Services in Schools:

It is aptly remarked that guidance is accepted as an integral part of education. Whatever may be the objectives of schooling, students need the help of teachers and others associated with them to be able to make satisfactory progress. 

No student has ever been able to reveal and maximize his potentialities to a large extent, make proper career plans, obtain a suitable vocation and live satisfactorily in the society without the help of the guidance program organized in the school. can make adjustments.

It constitutes of parents, teachers, community members, administrators, guidance workers, experts etc. This is because, in the modern complex society it has become a difficult task to provide proper and adequate guidance to students and students as per their needs and requirements. Therefore, the school plays an important role in guiding the students.

As the most important agency the school provides guidance in the following:


(i) To reveal and maximize the potential of each pupil.

(ii) To assess the needs, interests, abilities, capabilities, capacities of the student in performing any function of his suitability.

(iii) To make proper plans for his future.

(iv) Taking right and appropriate decisions in right time.

(v) To take appropriate decisions regarding the selection of a suitable educational career.

(vi) Finding suitable vocation.

(vii) To make satisfactory adjustments at home, school and community in a desirable manner.

(viii) To achieve self-actualization, self-direction and self-development.

In the light of above discussion it is felt that there is a need to organize guidance programs in schools and guidance programs should be organized in nature. An organized program here means, each guidance program is to be organized in a systematic manner. 

This means that it should have definite objectives. Every school should have a guidance committee. The teacher in charge of the guidance service should be clear in his mind about the scope and limitations of such a programme. He should be able to organize minimum guidance services for the students.

Organization of guidance services is not the prime responsibility of an individual. Rather it is the joint responsibility of the Headmaster, Counsellor, Career Master, teachers, administrators, experts and community members. They have to play important roles in making any guidance program successful in the school.


It is necessary to mention here that though there is a need to organize guidance programs in primary schools, it is organization on a wider scale and is vested in secondary schools in a full-fledged manner. So we mean organization of guidance programs in say and schools in secondary schools and vice versa.

School Guidance Committee:

There is a difference between saying something and doing accordingly because there is a difference between hail and heaven. 

To achieve the goals of each program in any field or sector, there must be a systematic, deliberate and sustained effort behind it. Otherwise the objectives of the program will be lost. 

To avoid this and not to provide any chance to differentiate between hail and heaven in the field of guidance program a guidance committee should be required.

In other words, it is conceivable that there should be a guidance committee with the following personnel in order to organize the guidance services or programs properly and systematically in order to achieve their goals. A detailed discussion on this is given below. 

Different types of guidance committees may be necessary for different institutions as no single pattern or structure can meet the needs and requirements of all schools; Big and small, rural and urban, boys and girls and government and non-government etc.

However, for a secondary school, there should be a guidance committee to organize and monitor its guidance program properly, although this committee may vary according to the availability of human and material resources. 

So, the structure of Guidance Committee or School Guidance Committee.


1. Principal or Headmaster:

The Principal or Headmaster of the school should be the Chairman or Chairperson of the School Guidance Committee.

2. Counselor or Career Master or Guidance Teacher:

The school counselor or career master or guidance teacher acts as the secretary co-governor of the school guidance committee. If possible a full time counselor may be appointed. 

In their absence, a teacher trained in guidance has to act as career master. Even if a school has a full-time counselor, it may also have a trained teacher on staff to give the counselor the necessary support.

3. Employee Representative (One Member):

Senior teachers of the school act as ex-officio members of the Guidance Committee.

4. School Medical Officer:

The Medical Officer of the school acts as a member of the School Guidance Committee.

5. Chairman or Secretary of the Managing Committee

6. Physical Education Teacher (PET)

7. Some experts in different fields available in the community.

Scope of School Guidance Service :


The scope of school guidance service includes its objectives, facilities and opportunities provided to students and the range of activities a school may organise. 

The scope or theme of guidance services or programs in any educational institution or school depends on the proper utilization of its resources – physical, financial and human resources.

For proper organization of guidance services in schools, the scope of school guidance program is the following things:

1. Collection of information about inventory inventory service to students.

2. Establishing a Guidance Center or Guidance Point.

3. Organization of career talk, career conference, visit to colleges, universities etc.

4. Organization of guidance exhibition.

5. Dissemination of educational and vocational information.

6. Maintenance of Cumulative Record Card (CRC) for each pupil.

7. Orientation Talk of Organization for Newcomers.

8. To provide counseling to the students regarding their adjustment problems.

9. Organization of educational talks regarding various educational careers.

10. To liaise with other agencies like Employment Exchanges, Training Institutes and Institutions of Higher Education.

11. Maintaining liaison with the school leavers to determine or know the effectiveness of guidance and counseling.

12. Organization of short-session guidance programs for school leavers in college education, professional life and social life.


In addition to the above, the minimum program of guidance in the school forming three major aspects is also included in its purview.

These are as follows:

1. Data Collection Service:

It is a specialized service in which information is collected about student's abilities, interests, aptitudes, scholastic achievements, personality traits, family background, etc. This information will help the Career Master or Guidance Worker to understand each pupil and provide them suitable educational and vocational guidance. guidance.

The above data can be collected through achievement test, personality test, intelligence test, diagnostic test, interest inventory, observation, interview, questionnaire, diagnostic study, rating scale etc. For better presentation and accurate guidance, the information collected must be maintained. Cumulative Record Card.

2. Vocational Information Service:

The function of this service is to get information about various training and educational courses for the job market. Such information can be obtained from offices or institutions such as colleges, employment exchanges, state bureaus of guidance, recruiting offices of the armed forces or publications such as employment news, information bulletins, employment bulletins, etc. 

Also information about jobs and training facilities available in the country. and can be provided to students abroad through talks, career conferences, demonstrations, pamphlets, notices, etc.

3. Counselling:

The purpose of counseling is to provide individual or personal guidance to the students through interviews or other means of personal contacts. 

Scholastic or educational, vocational and personal problems as well as adjustment problems are dealt with in counseling sessions. 

To perform this job properly, the counselor has to first establish rapport or rapport with the students in a friendly, cordial and cooperative environment.