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Nature of Guidance b.ed notes

Guidance and Counselling b.ed notes 

Nature of Guidance

Scholars like, Pierce, Mathewson, Strung, Smith, Fulmer and Skinner etc. have thrown light on the nature of direction. The gist of his analysis is that guidance enables the student to understand and adjust to society, economy and nation. The following describes the nature of direction:

1. Guidance is a continuous process – 

In this the individual first understands himself. Learns to make maximum use of his abilities, interests and other abilities. He develops the ability to take his own decisions in different situations. In this way this action goes on continuously.

2. Guidance lays emphasis on the development of the individual – 

Through guidance the individual becomes aware of his reality. Thus guidance helps in self-realization.

3. Guidance is helpful in personality development – 

Even if it is being given to a group, yet through it the development is of a particular person and not of the entire group. Thus it is a personalized helping process.


4. It is related to life- 

It contributes to life both formally and informally. Formal guidance is received from his/her friends and relatives and informal guidance is received through organized guidance services of the school.

5. Guidance does not have an independent existence – 

It is a process whose main objective is to develop a person according to his social, economic, intellectual needs. Thus there is no independent place of its own.

6. Guidance is a skilled process – 

There should be knowledge of some specific techniques and skills. Thus it should be a skilled, trained psychologist. It is a skillful process.

7. Guidance develops the ability to adjust- 

Adjustment with different types of problems is taught through this process. In this way guidance gives new power to the individual.


8. Guidance is more than giving help – 

What will be the extent of this help, a loser cannot say anything about it. The scope of this assistance is very wide. when, to whom; The amount of assistance needed cannot be determined in advance.

9. The nature of guidance is considered to be educational- 

The meaning of guidance is described as adjustment to the problems faced by the students in the field of education and in relation to the environment. Thus it is defined as an educational service.

10. Guidance process develops self-direction in the individual – 

Through this the individual becomes self-reliant. He becomes able to find solutions to the problems of his life on his own.


11. The process of guidance is a preparation for his future life, helps him to prepare for the future – 

Thus the individual becomes successful in choosing future activities and preparing himself for those activities. Thus guidance shapes the future of an individual.

12. Guidance is a client-centred process- 

Guidance is considered as a specialized service. Its nature is developmental.

13. Guidance is a sub-process of education – 

All round development of students is done through education. Guidance has its own separate place in this process of education.


14. Direction does not impose its point of view on others- 

It depends on the person's own will whether he accepts the decision of the director or not, he can also refuse to accept it. So it is not a process of imposing decisions.

15. The scope of guidance is wide – 

It can be given to a person of any age. Different types of characteristics, temperaments and interests of the person can be included in the guidance.