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Educational Philosophy of Mahatma Gandhi b.ed notes


Educational Philosophy of Mahatma Gandhi 


Introduction to the life of Mahatma Gandhi

  • The father of our nation Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 in a poor family of Porbandar district in the state of Gujarat.
  • His father 's name was Karamchand Gandhi and mother' s name was Putalibai. 
  • At the age of 13 he was married to Kasturba. 
  • He passed the matriculation examination in 1887 AD.
  • He joined the Shyamala Das College, Bhavnagar for higher studies.
  • Due to the interest in college education he went to England to study the bariatric.
  • He returned to India after completing the bariatric. 
  • After his return to India he set up a law practice.
  • He too did not achieve much success in this work and gandhiji went to South Africa in 1893.
  • His real life started there and launched a movement to ameliorate the condition of the Indian people.
  • There he gave practical forms to the principles of truth and non - violence.
  • By 1914 he lived a full struggle and was successful in it, and then, returning to India in 1914.
  • He entered India politics and led the Indian nationalist movement towards the end of his life.
  • As a result of his leadership, truth and non - violence got an important place in Indian politics.
  • He achieved freedom in India on 15 August 1947 under the leadership of Gandhi.
  • This great philosopher, political reformer and educationist died on 30 January 1948.


Mahatma Gandhi 's Philosophy of Life 


In Gandhi 's philosophy of life gave birth to a revolution in Indian society. Romia Rola says "Mahatma Gandhi with the great man who inspired 30 million people to revolt And shook the roots of the British empire.

The four main elements of Gandhi 's philosophy of life are:


1. Truth :

Truth was the best principle for gandhiji. Gandhiji used all his life for truth, for him truth and god were the same as the reality that gandhiji knew and realized was true. He believed that god could be attained only through truth. Truth, according to him, means "Truth in speech, Truth in thought, Truth in language, Truth in action".

2. Violence:

Dr Mahavir prasad says, "Gandhiji had come out of the doctrine of truth: it is impossible to separate truth and non - violence from one another." he believed that non - violence is the two sides of a coin. "he believed that non - violence is the good spirit and pure love that should be in the minds of every person.


3. Fearlessness :

About fearlessness Gandhi has to say 'fearless' means free from all noble fears. Such as the fear of disease, the fear of death, the fear of loss of wealth, the fear of losing your friends, the sense of loss of status, the fear of doing what is not good.

4. Satyagraha:

Satyagraha is the fourth dimension of Mahatma Gandhi 's life; in fact, it is satyagraha to retaliate or retaliate in the non - violent manner of any evil. In satyagraha, love is based on the awareness of the enemy to the truth, and it is brought to the understanding of their duty and action.


Educational thought of Mahatma Gandhi 


The father of the age - old nation, Mahatma Gandhi, did not only contribute his part to the liberation of India, but he presented a new educational scheme with a duty and action based value - oriented view of education in the form of a new education circle.

His scheme of education, known as basic education scheme, wardha scheme, is known as basic education scheme.

In fact, education is what the individual considers education as a comprehensive process.

Man develops through the yoga of heart and spirit. He believed that education results in the best development of the human body, mind and spirit.


The aim of gandhiji's education / the aim of education according to gandhiji:


Gandhi 's aim was idealistic and experimentation in education, to bring self - realization as the supreme aim of education, according to the view of the idealist, Gandhi believed that the self - projection was of importance in itself.

Through education, Gandhi believed in soul - building, character - building and advancement of divine knowledge. With the aim of enlightenment one can achieve the ultimate goal of mall in life.

The objective of gandhiji 's education, which is consistent with the experimental ideology, is that of any country - time situation.

The objectives of Mahatma Gandhi are:


1. Character building

The prime aim of education should be the formation of character. The aim of education fails in a child who cannot build character. Education is not a burden but by it we can give a new direction to our life. You can increase your inner self-confidence by raising soul faith in yourself.

2. Capacity to earn a living:

Education not only helps to create character, but also to enhance the ability to earn one 's living. Without education we fail to find the right direction of livelihood. Education is the money that saves our lives from every kind of hardship and helps our lives to be a better life.


3. Cultural development :

Cultural or customs of ancient times do not come to be seen in today 's modern age; education is the only medium that we can preserve and develop our cultural.

4. Consistent Evolution:

One of the aims of education should be to develop consistency in the child. Don 't make them homes that would cause pain to others, but rather have a sense of fellowship that they could understand the country and the palace around them.


5. Personal and social purpose:

The main aim of education is to give the child a better life so that he can play a greater part in his personal and social affairs and go ahead for himself and for the better future of society. If this is not so, the aim of education is not complete.


Gandhiji has divided the aim of education into two parts -

i) Current objective

ii) final objective 


Current Objectives 

  •  To make children eligible to earn a living when they grow up.
  •  To train children to express their culture in their behaviour.
  •  Develop the physical, mental and spiritual faculties of the child.
  •  Building up children 's character
  •  To prepare his soul for a higher life with all kinds of knowledge in children.


Final Objectives 

  •  Gandhiji submitted the following subjects as the final objective
  •  Along with the development of the character of the child, they must have social development as well as the development of the country.
  •  The child should be built up so much that he could earn his own living and not depend on his parents.
  •  Education should also be related to ritual or moral education without which education is incomplete.


The Curriculum of Education of Gandhiji 


Gandhiji has insisted on making the curriculum a living. According to him, education should be not merely theoretical, biblical and literary but also life - centred and craft - centred, the following topics are given place in his education: -

Handicrafts: Weaving, leather work, agriculture, pottery, horticulture etc.

Language: mother tongue, national language, regional language and so on.


Mathematics: arithmetic algebra and line mathematics.

Social science: history, geography, civics, social science

Science related education: physics, chemistry, zoology, health science etc.

Art: music, painting, art of dancing etc.

Physical education: sports, exercise, wrestling, drill etc

Education related to behaviour: knowledge of moral education, social service, prayer and other functions.


The fundamentals of Education Philosophy of Gandhiji 


  • Education develops all human values in child and girl child.
  • Education develops the harmony of one 's body, heart, mind and soul.
  • Education provides protection to children in unemployment.
  • Education should be done in real life situations and should relate to the social and physical environment.
  • Compulsory education should be given to every child in a nation at free time of six to fourteen.
  • The medium of instruction should be mother tongue and should be first in all the languages.