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Educational Philosophy of Swami Vivekananda b.ed notes


Swami Vivekananda's Philosophy of Education 


Introduction to the life of Swami Vivekananda:


  • Swami vivekananda was born in Calcutta in the year 1863.
  • His earlier name was narendra Nath dutt.
  • He was a gifted student since his childhood.
  • His principal said about him,"I've visited different countries all over the world, but I didn't find a young man with the same abilities and great ability as a teenager in the German university."
  • Swamiji reached daksheswar at the inspiration given by Mr. Haistry.
  • He met Ramakrishna Paramhansa at the same temple. The swamiji interviewed him. This was an event of his life. Swamiji got satisfaction from the answer of Ramakrishna Paramhansa.
  • When Narendra nath visited his guru for the second time, he felt a sense of divine strength. 
  • He stayed in touch with Ramakrishna Paramhansa for six years and after acquiring spiritual knowledge, he visited Swami Vivekananda.
  • In year 1886 AD Swami Ramakrishna Paramhansa ji passed away.
  • Swami Vivekananda established the Ramakrishna mission in the memory of his guru and preached through him the vedantic aims of the people of Asia, Europe and Mary for life.
  • In short, Swamiji spread the greatness of Hinduism by propagating the positive and the practical vedanta of India in the western countries.
  • He also preached during his last days for universal brotherhood. The swami passed away in 1902.


Swami Vivekananda's  Philosophy of Life 


  • Swami Vivekananda's 's Philosophy of life is extremely proud and inspiring to man. He pointed out that life was a struggle. The struggle is fought only by the able and the incapable is destroyed.
  • So in order to win and live, every person must fight to the every challenge of life.
  • Swamiji was deeply distressed at the sufferings of the then Indian people.
  • One day he said, 'We have become dejected today. We do each act out of fear of others. It seems that we have born in the country of enemies, not in the country of friends.
  • Swami Vivekananda was deeply infused with Indian and spiritual values. His philosophy of education was, therefore, based on the vedanta and the upanisads of India. He said that in every living being, the soul is seated. To recognize this soul is religion.
  • Swamiji was firm in his belief that all kinds of general and spiritual knowledge lay in his mind.
  • The Swamiji said that a person does not teach another person, but he learns himself. A teacher from outside only makes Suggestions. That inspires the inner teacher to explain and teach.
  • Swamiji has said that we see the educated one who has passed some examinations and who can make good speeches, but the reality is that education which cannot prepare the people for the struggle of life, which cannot create character, which cannot develop the spirit of social service is the benefit of education.


Educational Philosophy of Swami Vivekananda b.ed notes 


The Educational Philosophy of Swami Vivekananda:

Just as swamiji 's philosophy was comprehensive and realistic, so same way is his philosophy of education.

He criticised the present system of education and was a strong advocate of the contemporary education. He believed that education did not impose a man to fight for life, but made him powerless.

He himself has stated in his educational philosophy, "We need education by which character is built, brain power grows, intellect grows, and man can stand on his own feet."


The fundamental principles of Swami Vivekananda's Education Philosophy:

Following are the basic principles of Swami Vivekananda's Philosophy of Education:


 1. Swami vivekananda says that a child should not be given his knowledge merely because there is no education in the study of books.

 2. Knowledge exists in the mind of the individual and it learns itself.

 3. The mind is the soul control of word and action.

 4. Education develops the child 's physical, mental, moral and spiritual.


 5. Education should provide for the formation of character of the child, a great power of mind and an intellectual to stand on its feet.

 6. Both the child and the girl should have equal education.

 7. Women should be given special religious education.

 8. Spread of education among the masses.


Educational thoughts of Swami Vivekananda 

Objectives or Aims of Education According to Swami Vivekananda:


1. Aim to achieve perfection:

According to swamiji, the first aim of education is to achieve an inherent perfection. According to him all knowledge, secular and spiritual, is already present in the mind of man.

2. Aim of physical and mental development:

According to vivekananda, the second aim of education is to develop bala 's physical and mental state. He laid stress on the aim of the body so that the boys of today could rise in the country by studying the gita as fearless and strong warriors in the future. Emphasising his mental purpose, he said that we need education to be able to stand on our feet.


3. The aim of moral and spiritual development:

Swamiji believed that greatness of a country was not only from his parliamentary work but also from the greatness of his citizens. But their moral and spiritual development is absolutely necessary to make the citizens great.

4. Objective of character building:


Vivekananda considered character building as an important aim of education. For this he laid stress on the doctrine of brahmacharya and stated that by the brahman I shall develop intellectual and spiritual powers in man and that mind shall become purified by word and action.

5. Self - confidence, faith and self - denial:

Swamiji throughout his life insisted that to keep faith in oneself, to cultivate faith and spirit of self - denial was the important object of education. He wrote, 'arise, awake and continue to grow till the ultimate goal is achieved.


6. Aim of religious development:

Swamiji considered religious development as the prime aim of education. He wanted everyone to know the truth or religion that he had inside him. For this he emphasised the training of mind and heart. And we told him that education should be such that it would enable the boy to make his life pure.

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