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Language and Speech disorders in children b.ed notes | Types of Language Disorders in Children


Language and Speech disorders in children 


The language disorders in children are explained in detail below:

1. Dyslexia (Reading disorder) 

The word dyslexia is derived from two Greek words "dus" and "lexis" which literally means "language of speech". It is the most common type of learning disability. It affects the written form, oral form and linguistic efficiency of the language.



  • Difficulty in learning the World Mala.
  • You find it difficult to learn the sounds of letters, do you not?
  • Difficulty in concentration.
  • Reading the words in reverse or the order of the letters here and there, like reading the name Manya Shavak in doubt.
  • You are suffering from spelling mistake, are you not?
  • Lack of memory power.
  • Inability to recognize sounds with similar pronunciation.
  • Lack of dictionary.


Treatment- Treatment of dyslexia is completely impossible, but it can be brought to the lowest level by using higher teaching-learning method.

2. Dysgraphia (Writing Disorder)

Dysgraphia affects writing ability. This is known as spelling difficulties, poor handwriting and difficulty in jotting down your thoughts.



  • Talking to yourself while writing.
  • Writing letters of irregular shape and size.
  • Weak grip on stationery, holding it too close to the paper.
  • Using excessive labor in copying (writing by sight) even when it is readable.
  • illegible handwriting.
  • Writing over lines and leaving irregular spaces between words.
  • Writing incomplete letters or words.


Treatment- The person suffering from this learning disability should be given maximum practice of writing.

3. Discalculia, (Disorder of mathematical skills)

This includes a range of mathematical disabilities ranging from the inability to understand the meaning of numbers, to the ability to use formulas and principles to solve arithmetic problems.



  • Difficulty understanding mathematical symbols.
  • There is difficulty in making a financial plan or budget.
  • Experiencing difficulty in making time table.
  • Lack of direction knowledge.
  • Experiencing difficulty in telling the time.


Treatment- It can be reduced by adopting proper teaching learning strategy.

4. Dysphasia (Speech Impairment)

Dysphasia is when children have difficulty in expressing and interpreting thought. Brain damage is believed to be primarily responsible for this disability.


5. Dyspraxia (Writing and drawing disorders)

This mainly indicates pictorial inefficiency. Children suffering from this feel difficulty in writing and drawing.