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Meaning And Definitions of Discipline | Principles of Discipline | Importance of Discipline


Meaning And Definitions of Discipline 


Discipline is derived from the word discipulus of the Latin language (disciplines) meaning to learn or obey. That is why when we talk of discipline, we mean to act within the limits of the rules.

For this reason, some educationists believe that following the rules is discipline. Some educationists believe that discipline, which is called Discipline in English, originated from the English language Disciple means disciple (शिष्य).


The belief behind this is that the disciple used to follow the rules, laws and traditions prescribed by the Guru since ancient times and lived humbly by accepting his teachings, that was called discipline. According to the ancient concept, discipline was considered a symbol of being in control.

But at present discipline is used in a very broad sense. Today, discipline is considered to be the training of mind and behavior which discipline the behavior and control the emotions and feelings. In today's discipline, special emphasis has been laid on self-discipline and social discipline.


Definitions of Discipline 


Various thinkers have expressed their views regarding the concept of discipline, some of which are as follows :

According to T. P. Nunn

"Discipline is the subjection of one's passions and powers to the rule which provides the system of statecraft, in which it produces efficiency and economy where without it there would be inefficiency."

According to Rayburn


“True discipline must be positive and constructive, not negative or destructive; it must build, not destroy. Evidence of positive control Character building is a creative process. Its desirable requirements are not repression and power but expression and judicious sublimation.”

According to Pro. AD Muller 

“In the modern context, discipline means to prepare boys and girls for democracy, the purpose of discipline is to cooperate in the development of knowledge, powers, habits, interests and ideals of individuals, so that they can serve themselves, their peers and the whole society can work for upliftment.

According to John Dewey,


“Discipline is rooted in the social conditions of the school. It considers the school as a miniature form of society where the students act as members of the society in the form of the school, so that they can adjust to social life over time.

According to Rousseau and Spencer,

“Let the children suffer the natural consequences for the establishment of discipline. If a child plays with fire, do not forbid him. Once his hand starts burning, he will not do it again and will learn to be disciplined.


Principles of Discipline


The establishment of discipline is based on some basic rules. The question arises that what are the principles on the basis of which good discipline can be established in the school. Therefore, keeping the following principles in mind, discipline can be established in the school or school.

1. Self-control- If a sense of self-control is inculcated in the students, they will not do any undesirable act by controlling themselves and will follow the discipline whole heartedly.

2. Love, faith and goodwill - The basis of discipline should be love, faith and goodwill because discipline based on hatred, fear etc. is temporary. A teacher should not go into the class with a look of fear or terror on his face. As far as possible, students should be treated with love and affection. To establish true discipline, there should be mutual love between the headmaster, the teaching staff and the students. Love gives rise to trust.


3. Sense of Self-Confidence - A teacher should enter the classroom with complete self-confidence. If the teacher does not have confidence in himself then he cannot control the class.

4. Respect for human qualities- Students sometimes do inhuman things. The main principle of discipline is to arouse respect for human virtues by creating hatred towards these inhuman acts.


5. Knowing the problems of the students - The teacher should try to understand the problems of the students and should try to solve the individual problem of each student according to the situation.

6. Giving importance to written work - Writing work should be given importance in the class. By this the students can be easily kept busy. Keeping the students busy in some or the other work is the key to discipline.


7. Creating interest in the lesson - Students cannot concentrate in the lesson without interest. Therefore, to make the lesson interesting, the teacher should use new and appropriate teaching methods and appropriate auxiliary materials in the classroom .

8. Exclusion of Punishment- Punishment can prevent from doing a bad deed but cannot generate any important virtue. We cannot build someone's personality by punishment, we definitely make them afraid. If punishment is used repeatedly, there is a possibility of formation of different types of complexes in the brain of the students. Therefore, no punishment should be resorted to in the discipline system.


9. School environment- The school environment should be beautiful and harmonious for discipline. Its responsibility is not only on teachers and other officials. Students, parents and the whole society should also cooperate to create such an environment.

10. Reaching the class on time – If the teacher reaches the class on time then it is easy for him to control the students. It is advisable to leave the class at the end of the period.


11. Complete preparation of the lesson: Before entering the class, the teacher should prepare his lesson properly, teaching without preparing the lesson does not lead to discipline in the class among the students.

12. Knowing the names of the students- It is very important to know the names of the students to establish discipline in the class.


13. Adequate Freedom and Facilities – Adequate freedom and facilities should be provided to the students and teachers in the school to fulfill their respective duties. Due to this, both the students and teachers work in a disciplined manner.

14. Informing about the importance of discipline- Children should be made aware of the importance of discipline. They should be given knowledge about it by the examples of various great men and the headmaster and teachers themselves should present their example before them.


15. Use of sweet voice - The teacher should always keep his voice sweet in front of the students. Discipline cannot be established by shouting loudly. The voice of the teacher should be so loud that every student can hear it easily.

16. Various creative works- This will give mental and emotional satisfaction to the students by doing various works according to their interests. Due to this, the problem of indiscipline will not be likely to arise.


17. It is absolutely necessary to have cooperation between the headmaster and teachers, teachers and students, teachers and parents, students and students, based on cooperation. It is necessary to establish sweet contact between them. If there is no co-operation among them, it will be very difficult to establish good discipline.

Importance of Discipline 


Discipline has an important place in human, school and social life. Discipline is the symbol of order. Being disciplined of any person is not only a sign that that person has well-conducted and well-controlled his life, as well as it is also a symbol of the fact that he is able to maintain the order of the society by his regular and disciplined behavior. Also giving direct or indirect support. If discipline is present in the school environment then it will affect the whole environment of the school.

The areas which are affected by good discipline are as follows:

(1) Good school administration


If there is order and discipline in the school, then it has a positive effect on the school administration because the administrator does not have to face many problems. Because of this his administration has been running smoothly. 

In an undisciplined environment, the administrator has to face many problems and the result is that he remains entangled in solving these problems and is able to pay less attention to the planning as an administrator and the school administrator must:- Shani: Neglect starts happening.

(2) Effective Classroom Teaching


The success and failure of teaching depends on the good atmosphere of the class. If the environment of the school or classroom remains disturbed and chaotic conditions exist in it, then it does not have a proper effect on classroom teaching. The students remain excited. Because of this, he is unable to concentrate in studies and the teachers remain upset.

For this reason, instead of taking interest in teaching, he always concentrates on why the discipline of the school is deteriorating. Who are the students who are leading this and how can this discipline be improved? For this reason we can undoubtedly say that if the school administration is good then the academic activities going on in the classroom will also be effective.

(3) To give encouragement to proper behavior


Discipline is also very much from the point of view that by living in a disciplined environment a person learns the right ways to behave. Disciplined environment presents the school rules, expectations, values ​​etc. in front of the students and which it expects the students to follow and by following them, the students learn the proper way of behaving. For this reason, it is right to believe that a person who disciplines himself, he himself learns the proper norms of behavior.

(4) Formation of Good Character 


As has just been said, students in discipline learn the proper way of behaviour. When a student learns the acceptable way of behaving, his character is created by himself. Discipline means adapting yourself to the acceptable forms of society. When a person begins to mould his thoughts, his actions and his behaviour towards the society, he follows the right path and makes his character good on the right path.

(5) To Establish Harmonious Relations in School


Being disciplined means that every employee working in the school is following the same type of rules. No separate norms of behavior have been set for anyone, that is, all consider themselves to be an integral part of the same system, which results in the mutual relations of the workers working in it. A person who accepts the beliefs of a well-organized and disciplined environment knows what is his position in the group. How should he make relations with his younger ones and how should he make relations with his elders.

(6) Favorable Influence on the Prestige of the School


The positive image of the school in which the student, teacher, employee, headmaster discipline is in the mind of the school, and when there is talk of an undisciplined school, the behaviour of the students in a disciplined school is adversely affected by the reputation of the school.