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Mental development during Adolescence | Mental development in Adolescence


Childhood and Growing Up b.ed notes 

Mental Development during Adolescence


Mental Development during Adolescence or Adolescence starts from 13 years and continues till 19-20 years. In this stage, the development of mental ability of boys and girls is at its peak. Psychologists are of the general opinion that towards the end of this stage the development of mental capacity in boys and girls is maximum and only the consolidation of this mental capacity takes place in the later years of life. In this stage, the interests of boys and girls become more broad. In these interests, the importance of social interest and educational interest is more important from the point of view of education.

Mental Development in Adolescence 


1. Formal operations in thinking

One of the characteristics of mental development in adolescence is that in this the adolescent thinks about some object or event hypothetically. Now to do this it is not necessary for the object to be in front of him or the event to happen. In this stage, the thinking of adolescents is more systematic and with the help of all kinds of formal operations, they are able to do different types of analysis. Now they keep their thinking process so logical and systematic in solving any problem that they have least difficulty in solving any kind of problem.


2. Concentration

In this stage, the mental development of teenagers becomes of such a level that their ability to concentrate increases. Although this type of ability is also there in late childhood, it is not so much developed in it.

3. Ability to generalize facts

In adolescence, the level of mental development becomes so high that the ability to generalize the facts obtained from problem solving in adolescents increases considerably. With the help of the rules he learns in problem solving, he can easily solve other problems as well. That is to say, in adolescence, adolescents have the ability to generalize in an abstract manner.


4. Increase in the ability to communicate with others

In adolescence, mental development becomes so much that they can clearly discuss any subject with any person in a logical manner.

5. Increase in the ability to grasp and understand

In adolescents, the ability to understand the behavior and interactions of others increases significantly. They quickly understand the hidden hidden fact in something and solve the most difficult problem.


6. Increase in the ability to make decisions

Adolescents have the ability to independently decide on a subject. Their level of mental development becomes so high that they clearly differentiate between reality and ideals. Their mental maturity becomes so much that they can make a final decision by considering various alternatives of the subject or problem.

7. Development of memory power 

Vocabulary expands more in adolescence and they are used more in different situations. The result of this is that the memory power of teenagers becomes more developed.


Due to this developed memory power, he also correctly imagines those situations and stimuli which are not physically present in front of him. They can now retain a fact in their memory for a longer period of time. In other words, long-term memory becomes stronger during adolescence.

8. Understanding moral concepts

One of the characteristics of the mental development of adolescence is that in this stage moral values ​​are developed in adolescents. 


Although some moral values ​​are developed in later childhood, but in later childhood whatever is said by his parents or teacher, he blindly accepts it. But in this stage he makes a critical evaluation of moral values ​​and makes a clear distinction between what is good and what is bad according to social values.

9. Ability to solve problems by abstract symbols

The capacity of abstract reasoning increases considerably in adolescents. Their mental maturity increases to such an extent that they start thinking successfully on the solution of those problems in which the solution can be found with the help of signs and symbols. They start thinking about national and international problems and develop a unique ability to think about these problems in the form of abstract qualitative concepts.


10. Identification with major personalities and conditions of external worlds

The mental maturity of adolescents becomes so high that they establish an identification with the people of the outside world whom they consider important and thus develop in themselves some qualities that make one They are more comfortable in solving problems.

In this way, we see that the qualities of mental development of adolescents are such that they reflect more reality and mental maturity.

Education during Infancy