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Role of Listening and Speaking in Language Development | Role of Speaking and Listening


The role of listening and speaking in language development 


Listening and speaking have special importance in language development. The process of listening and speaking goes together. When we speak something in front of children, they listen. 

Role of listening in Language Development 


The tendency to learn language is naturally present in humans. Children acquire sound from their parents and other members by imitation from infancy. Hearing is called auditory skill. Listening has an important place in language development, we can understand its role in the following way. 

1. In making correct pronunciation - Through this, the child develops the skill of making correct pronunciation, it is successful in removing the pronunciation related impurities that come in speaking only through listening. 


2. Before sleeping, the ability to perceive meaning develops in the child. Listening comes under receptive skills. 

3. Increase in word storage- Through listening, a child's vocabulary increases, due to which his language development also increases. 


4. In the differentiation of sound- listening is the best means of differentiation of brothers, through this the child learns the ups and downs of the voice. 

5. Creates an interest in the learning of the language and literature in the students.


6. Listening is also very helpful in the development of other language skills such as reading skills, writing skills 

7. Listening in receiving others' growth is a process through which the child accepts other's feelings, thoughts and experiences as it is now, it also develops expression or its other skills.


8. In order to increase the listening process of children in school, they should be told stories, poems and various incidents. If the listening activity is purposeful, interesting and useful, then the student will listen more attentively.


Role of Speaking in Language Development 


Speaking is the second stage of language development. Speaking is needed in every field of life. Speaking is the form of language which is used the most. Feelings and thoughts are the essential elements of speaking. When expressed by means, then this verb is called speaking.

Importance of Speaking 


1. Speaking is very important in evaluating the knowledge gained by listening in children, through this a teacher can check language related errors in children and evaluate the teaching process.

2. In expressing feelings, thoughts and knowledge – Through speaking, a child expresses his feelings, thoughts and knowledge, due to which language develops in him.


3. By speaking to the child, he gets complete knowledge of the sound of words, learns the speed and ups and downs of speech etc.

4. In ending the hesitation of children- Hesitation in children can be removed by the process of speaking, it is also helpful in language development.


5. In playing an active role in school-based programs- Speaking has special importance in language development. The child's ability to speak motivates him to play a role in various school-based programs such as speech, debate and quiz etc.

6. Speaking has special importance in making the language flow efficient. By speaking, his grip on the language becomes stronger.


7. Opportunities should be provided in the school to develop the speaking power of children such as poetry, speech, debate, story telling, antakshari, group discussion etc.

Functions of Language


Without language, man is like an animal, it is because of language that man is the best animal. Language has a very important contribution in the personal and social life of man.

Its functions are as follows :-

1. It is an important means of exchange of ideas.


2. Language is the basic basis of human development - through the power of language, man has progressed on the path of progress, in the absence of language, man cannot think and in the absence of thought, he cannot progress in the field of his knowledge and science. Is

3. Language is the identity of human civilization and culture – as the human society has progressed in its language, so has its civilization and culture developed, there has been progress in the field of knowledge and science and only then the best literature has been created. The civilization and culture of the society and nation is assessed by its literature.


4. The main means of acquiring knowledge is through language itself, as a social heritage, the old generation has handed over all the brief knowledge so far to the future generation and this process continues continuously.

5. Language works to awaken the feeling of unity in the nation, the operation of the entire national administration is done through language only.


How to use language as a tool?

In learning- children learn and think only through language, language acts as a tool for children, the sooner a child learns to speak, the sooner he thinks.

In developing abilities – Children develop their abilities through language, develop different abilities by exchanging different types of ideas.

In identifying human civilization and culture – Children get knowledge of their civilization and culture through literature through language and recognize it. 


In making his intellectual and mental development through language - In the absence of thoughts, the mental development of man is impossible because there is an unbreakable relation between thought and language, language is born from thoughts and language gives birth to thoughts. Thoughts for physical and mental development Power is required. 

In social behavior and social interaction – language has a great importance in human life, the child also behaves in the society and social interaction only through language, he does his social development through it.