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Bandura's theory of social learning | Bandura's Social Learning Theory


Bandura's theory of social learning:


Bandura's social learning theory was propounded in the year 1977 AD. Under this theory, Bandura agreed with the classical, behavioral learning theory of dynamic contract. Despite this, they added important objectives. Which are as follows.

Under this theory, Albert Bandura said that –

1. Mediation process takes place between stimulus and response.

2. Behavior or conduct is learned by placing it in the environment which is accomplished under observational learning.


Explanation of Bandura's Social Learning Theory :


Bandura explained in his social learning theory. That the child observes the behavior of his parents, family and other members like neighbors, teachers etc. only after birth. 

After this he starts imitating the same behavior. This is what Bandura called social learning. 

In this way, when the animal learns by observing the behavior of the members of the society, then it is called social learning.


Steps of Social Learning Theory :

Following are the steps of social learning theory:

  • Knowing or understanding behavior.
  • Remembering behavior
  • Converting remembered behavior into action.
  • Reinforcement of transactions.

Application of Bandura's Social Learning Theory :


Bandura did two experiments under social learning theory which are as follows :

Observational Learning ::

Under this theory, Bandura told that the child imitates any object after seeing it. In this type of learning, the person learns social behavior. So it is also called social learning. Sometimes we see that such situations come in front of us. 

That we do not know what to do in this situation. And how to behave. In such situations we Observes the behaviors performed by other persons and behaves like them. This type of learning is generally called modelling.


Bobo doll experiment ::

According to this principle, a 5-minute film was shown to the children. Inside the film, there was a closed room in which many toys were kept. Among those toys there was a big toy. Which was a doll. A boy enters that room. And looks around. He is very angry. He throws all the toys around and but the biggest toy. He is the most aggressive towards him. And he kicks him with his hands. Sits down. After all these developments, three films were made in three different forms.


Then it was shown to a group of children. And one film showed that a boy who behaved aggressively was rewarded. And one person praised his aggressive behavior. Another film showed that the children in the film were punished. After this, in the third film the children were neither scolded nor rewarded. Those films were then shown to certain groups of children. And later the children were made into groups and left in the room. And it was found that children imitated the aggression shown in the film. After that he behaved in the same way.


Use of Bandura's Social Learning Theory in Teaching::

The following are the uses of Bandura's social learning theory in teaching :


The behavior of parents and elders in the house should be exemplary.

The behavior of the teacher in the school should be exemplary.

There should be proper environment for teaching-learning in the classroom.