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1. Teaching:

A teacher remains a teacher under all circumstances, His chief function is to teach. He should teach such a subject on which he commands mastery.

It is his responsibility that he studies the subject, finds out new teaching methods, gather teaching aids, plan teaching and motivate children for learning.

The functions and duties of a teacher can be discussed under the following points:

2. Organizing: He should organize curricular activities and co-curricular activities and should arrange for guidance and library work.

He should manage festivals and celebrations, and should keep in view the educational circumstances, examinations and other important activities. 

He should be the incharge for one of the school tasks, as:


(a) Organization of campus.

(b) Seting of furniture

(c) Purchase of articles

(d) Seating arrangement for students.

(e) Distribution of furniture.

(f) Preparation for time table.

(g) Preparation for school calendar.

(h) Preparation of school budget 

3. A teacher should inspect different things: 

(a) Daily attendance and punctuality of students.

(b) Checking of daily work, written work and teaching work.

(c) Homework.

(d) Hand work done in the laboratory, workshop or farm.

(e) Sports or powerful tasks 

(f) Co-curricular activities.

(g) Hostel

(h) Discipline at school


4. Evaluation and Recording :

Evaluation is an extensive work. It can estimate the whole personality of the child. This is distinct of examinations concerned with only academic knowledge.

A teacher should know different methods of evaluation. He should also maintain a record of all evaluation results. This helps him to know the interests, emotions and achievements of his students. On this basis, he can impart beneficial and necessary guidance to students.

A teacher should maintain some more records in school, such as:

(a) Attendance register.

(b) Administration and school leaving register.

(c) Evaluation register

(d) Activity register.

(e) Miscellaneous office registers.


5. Guidance : This duty has been included recently. A teacher should help a child to select a subject according to his income, ability, intelligence and interest. A child should be guided for his future. Psychological guidance should be provided to backward and weak students.

6. Planning:

(a) A teacher should plan curriculum well. He has to divide the curriculum over months and weeks.

(b) He should provide for audio-video aids and teaching methods, so that he can use them when needed.

(c) He should organize the curricular activities round the year

We can make the following checklist and include the following things in it: 


(a) Classroom teaching

(b) Examination work of students

(c) Organizing activities.

(d) Maintaining records

(e) Testing and evaluating students.

(f) Guiding students for choice of subjects.

(g) Receiving intensive and extensive knowledge about a specific subject.

(h) Preparing study list, curriculum and lesson plan

(i) Checking homework

(j) Maintaining discipline.

(k) Celebrating festivals and days.

7. Utilisation of Leisure Time:

People manage to get some leisure or free time even in this blind race of materialism. The working hours of each office or institute are fixed.

What should people do after this ? The work done during this leisure time plays an important role in individual development. A person can head for vices during this time and can adopt constructive hobbies for creative personality. But how ? Answer to this question lies in guidance and counselling.

Most people are not aware of their own interests, aptitudes and inherent capabilities. Consequently, they pass their time in useless things. If guidance and counselling are available at school, the students can be made to realize their interests and aptitudes and take them towards utilization of leisure time.


Arrangement of guidance and counselling is necessary for use of this leisure time.

8. Satisfactory Adjustment :

Satisfactory adjustment is essential for personality development. An individual has to face adjustment problems right from school and family to different circumstances of life.

If an individual knows his mental and intellectual abilities and is able to understand the changing circumstances including the related elements and causes, then he would not be confounded by the problem of adjustment and his personality would tread a progressive path. It is absolutely necessary to arrange for guidance and counselling in order to understand his surrounding environment and changing circumstances.


9. Development of Gifted Students :

Most of the students in a class are common or normal. Some of them are backward and some talented. A teacher keeps his teaching work at normal level generally. It benefits the normal students. When he pays some attention to backward or dull students, they too progress to catch up with normal students, but a talented student cannot be benefitted in such a situation or doing an exercise repeatedly. The number of talented students is less. Such students are not identified often due to their silent nature or they are victimized of the teacher's neglect. Special attention should be paid to such students so that their talent blooms fully. Such students can become problematic too. Identifying them is necessary for their proper development.

Besides, guiding them is also necessary and this can be done by guidance and counselling.