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Need and Importance of Socialization b.ed Notes

Need and Importance of Socialization b.ed Notes

Socialization is the social process by which the biological organism develops social qualities and becomes a social being. Through this process, an individual learns social qualities through different means of living between society and culture. Hence, it is also known as learning process.

According to fitcher Sir, "socialization is the process through which the person accepts behaviors and adapts with them."

Need and importance of socialization 

Why should socialisation be necessary for the individual or what is the social significance of the process? This question naturally leads us to the functional side of socialization. The reality is that since birth, the child has not the ability to co - operate with the work of the group, but is born slowly by observing and interacting with others. From this point of view, socialization is a kind of social control which is used to make the group 's life strong and develop personality. It is through the process of socialization that one comes to know the individuals to be with, how to deal with them and how to develop one 's abilities. Besides, the process also seeks to keep the personality together through a number of other activities.

(1) Basic discipline

Discipline and regularisation are the basic requirement of social life. The natural impulse of the individual encourages the individual to behave against a rule often, whatever the outcome. The process of socialisation is necessary to maintain the life of the individual. The process does not prompt the individual to complete his or her goals but teaches him to postpone, release or modify the targets according to the situation. It aims at the lesson of behavior keeping in mind future objectives and social values. That is why the greater the individual 's acceptance of the laws of society, the greater the development of his personality.

(2) To Instill Aspirations

Punctuality and ambition are intimately linked. Discipline itself does not give any reward to the individual, but it helps in fulfilling dreams. In fact, according to the social order, aspirations are also transmitted from one person to another. For example, if the economy of a society based on high technical knowledge, then many people want to be an industrialists, scientists or an engineer. The function of socialization is to determine the form of one 's aspirations and to support the fulfilment of one' s ideal.

(3) To Teach The Responsibility of Social Roles

It is important for every person in a society to take care of what is their social status as compared to others. It is in keeping with this that the individual has to perform a variety of roles. For example, the role of a leader and a follower, teacher and student and speaker and listener is complementary but mutually complementary. The process of socialisation implies the manner in which individuals in different situations should adapt with other persons and the role to adapt from other persons. The role of the individual determines the qualities, ideas, attitudes, and personality it must possess.

(4) Development of Social Skills 

Capabilities means the qualities which help the individual to adapt from society. For example, the art of writing letters, the polite behavior with the neighbors, the clear conversation with friends, respect for elders and a good eating system can influence the social and economic life of the individual. Thus, one of the important functions of the socialization process is to develop in person the social potential that he/she can discharge his/her responsibilities in other areas as well.

(5) Development of social capabilities - 

The process of socialization is so intimately linked with the creation of personality that in the absence of it man cannot be a social being in any way. Gales and Davis have referred to many unsociable children who, being isolated from social contact, could not become social people.