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Aims and Objectives of School Organization | Principles of School Organization


Objectives and Principles of School Organization 

Meaning of School Organization


Broad meaning of school organization- Organization refers to the arrangement of the school. 

The Managing Committee completes this work with the help of the Principal. 

From this point of view, the meaning of school organization is only to arrange for teaching and learning. 

Making time table, distributing work among teachers and seeing whether teachers are in class or not, this is not what school organization is, but much more than that.

Aims and Objectives of School Organization 


In the context of the wider meaning of the school organization, its purpose is not only to arrange teaching and establish discipline, but also to bring expected changes in the behavior of the students and to create a suitable environment for their all-round development. 

Such an environment should be created in which maximum opportunities are available for the free development of the talents of the children. 

Keeping this important goal in mind, the following objectives of the school organization can be fixed-

(1) To provide proper opportunities for the physical, mental and intellectual development of the students.


(2) To make such an education system that develops the spirit of sacrifice and love for the protection of democratic values ​​in children.

(3) To generate as fully as possible in life.

(4) To prepare such capable citizens for the society from whom democracy can be protected.

(5) To provide equal opportunity to all without discrimination to get education.

(6) To provide education to the students of self-government.

(7) To create proper environment for learning and teaching.

(8) To help in the fulfillment of the objectives of education.

(9) To develop community spirit among the students.

(10) To create self-sacrificing citizens for the society.


(11) To increase the work-efficiency of the students in each student.

(12) To inculcate the habit of working cooperatively among the students.

(13) To develop healthy and scientific attitude among the students.

(14) To acquaint with our cultural heritage and to develop a sense of responsibility towards the society.

(15) To create faith in the students towards democratic ideals and to practice adopting a democratic way of life.

(16) To give educational and vocational guidance to the students.


To achieve these objectives, it is necessary to have the following things in the school organization-

(A) Comprehensiveness 

(B) Progressive approach

(C) Efficiency 

(D) Cooperation

(E) Labor

Principles of School Organization/System 


Some of the main principles of school system are as follows-

(1) Human basis- School system has a direct relation with teachers, students and their parents. 

Therefore, special care should be taken in this that this human base should not be violated in the system, because as soon as this base ends, the school becomes a machine and no machine runs on its own without running it.

(2) Collective Responsibility- The second thing to be kept in mind in the school system is that the school is the building block of the society, that is, the school teaches the art of living in the society. 


In this form, both the school and the society cannot be separated from each other. Therefore, the school system should be done by keeping both society and life close to it. 

Apart from this, democratic spirit can be encouraged in the school only by providing opportunity to all the people of the society to cooperate in the school system.

(3) Co-operation – In school management, one thing is especially worth keeping in mind that the foundation of school management should be laid on the basis of co-operation between headmaster and teachers, students and parents etc. In other words, the meaning of the system should be taken to be a co-operative life.


(4) On the basis of exchange of views - Exchange of views means that the headmaster, teachers and students discuss together about the lack of management and correct it in the spirit of mutual cooperation.

(5) Mobility and adaptability - Following traditional conventions in management makes it complex and rigid, therefore it is essential to have dynamism in school management. 

Apart from this, as soon as there is a change in the society, it should also be changed and adapted to the society.


(6) Clarity and Certainty - Any kind of doubt or uncertainty is considered to be the biggest shortcoming of management, therefore it is necessary to have clarity and certainty in school management.

(7) Giving importance to everything - Sometimes it also happens that some thing in the management is neglected considering it very minor and later on the same thing takes the form of a big problem for the management.


(8) Considering management as a means rather than as an end – The goal of the school system is to fulfill the objectives of education, that is, school management is only a means to fulfill the objectives of education. Therefore, instead of considering it as an end, it should be considered as a means.

(9) Opportunity for self-governance - It should also be kept in mind in school management that students should be given proper opportunity for self-governance. With this, on the one hand, students will learn to work with the spirit of mutual cooperation, and on the other hand, they will also develop leadership skills.


(10) Effective use of physical elements – In school management, physical elements like library, building, playground, furniture, accessories and money etc. should be used.

  • Building, equipment and maintenance of the school,
  • Headmaster, teachers and students,
  • Preparation of curriculum,
  • Ability-wise classification of students,
  • Work distribution among teachers,
  • Management of examinations ,
  • Time-table,
  • Arrangement of co-curricular activities,
  • Establishment of discipline,
  • Arrangement of services like Red Cross, social service etc.,
  • Establishment of good relations with school houses,
  • Maintenance of the office,
  • Proper arrangement of health and sports of the students,
  • Maintenance of income and expenditure of the school,
  • Providing facilities like chair, table, building, lighting etc. to the teachers,