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How do schools work in Australia? Australian School System


How do schools work in Australia?

( Australian School System )

Studying in Australia is a great way to further your education and career. The schools and education system in Australia offer a diverse range of study options. International students can also apply to study in Australia. 

Schooling in Australia is compulsory from the age of five until the age of fifteen or seventeen. It also depends on the state in which you resided .


It starts from a kindergarten or formative year and continues till twelve years. It starts from primary through secondary school. Year 12 students study for a government-endorsed credential. It is accepted by all Australian universities and vocational education and training institutions. It is based on a combination of tests and ongoing assessment scores. Many foreign colleges accept this Senior Secondary Certificate of Education.


How do schools work in Australia?

There are three main types of education in schools in Australia. i.e primary, secondary and university education. All these are specified according to a particular age group.


Indigenous education was Australia's original education system. Protecting the continuity of family heritage and customs. First Nations clan members communicated their knowledge orally . It includes spirituality, cultural values and social responsibility.

To secure their survival, tribal children were taught skills. They included techniques for safe haven, hunting, gathering, and fishing.

Schooling (primary and secondary)

Schooling is similar, with some minor variations between states and territories. Schooling is compulsory between the ages of six and sixteen. A National Curriculum Framework governs secondary school education in Australia.

They teach maths, science, history, languages, geography, arts, health and physical education. They also teach Information and Communication Technology, Civics and Citizenship, Economics and Business.

Schooling in Australia lasts 13 years and consists of three parts:

Primary School – This consists of seven or eight years of education. Begins in Kindergarten/Elementary and ends in Year 6 or 7.

Secondary school – This consists of three or four years of study, Years 7 to 10 or Years 8 to 10.

Senior Secondary School - Years 11 and 12 are the two years of senior higher education.

Tertiary education

Tertiary education is not only higher education, but also education at a university. Vocational education and training are part of all tertiary education.


Language of Instruction

The basic and primary language of instruction in the education system is English. Many schools also offer bilingual or multilingual programs in other languages. You can choose between French, German and others.

Schooling Options in Australia

Students may miss out on some options for schooling. There are a few education systems that you can choose from:

  • Homeschooling in australia
  • distance learning in australia
  • Bush School
  • blended learning 

How is schooling different in Australia?

The academic year is the most important difference. This differs greatly between the Australian and Northern Hemisphere education systems. The academic year starts in late January or early February. It ends in December in time for the summer vacation. There are two semesters, four terms and three two to three week holidays between terms. This includes a six-week break during Christmas. The students go to school from Monday to Friday. Many schools have mandatory Saturday morning team sports events. The school day in Australia runs from 8:30 am to 3:30 pm.


The Australian Qualifications Framework (AQF) sets Australia apart from many other countries. The AQF is a national program that includes credits from tertiary education. The AQF also handles further education and vocational education and training. The AQF also administers the Senior Secondary Certificate of Education. That document is given at the end of secondary school in Australia.

There are ten levels of AQF. They combine school, vocational and university education into a single national system. You can move from one level of study to another and from one school to another, as long as you meet certain conditions. It gives you freedom and choice in career planning. The AQF prepares you for higher education as well as your professional life.


How long is the school day in Australia?

The school day in Australia runs from 8:30 am to 3:30 pm. Schooling in Australia is compulsory from the age of five until the age of fifteen or seventeen. It also depends on the state in which you resided . It starts from a kindergarten or formative years. This continues for twelve years through primary and secondary school.

Is school free in Australia?

Government schools serve approximately 60% of Australian students in primary and secondary school. While non-government schools educate about 40%. 

Most colleges in Australia are public. 

A student loan scheme subsidizes student fees. It requires borrowers to make payments when they reach a specific salary level.


Australia has created a national system of credit. This extends to higher education, vocational education and training (VET), and school-based education. 

The Australian Qualifications Framework has been the basis of all this since 1995. 

A nationwide Australian curriculum has been developed. It has also been implemented for primary and secondary schools.