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Rousseau Philosophy of Education b.ed notes | Jean-Jacques Rousseau Education Theory


Jean-Jacques Rousseau Education Theory 


Life introduction of Jean-Jacques Rousseau/life introduction of Rousseau


  • The world 's great educationalist and philosopher Rousseau was born on 1712 AD in a poor family in Geneva town in Italy.
  • His mother died when he was born.
  • He read a number of books on literary religion and history at the age of six.
  • As the environment of the school was not conducive to him, he regarded school education as a waste.
  • At the age of 25 he studied literature and started writing when many writers came in contact with him.
  • He wrote many books and articles which led to the great revolution in France.
  • After the age of 38 the works of Rousseau began to be published in 1750 AD.
  • The last day of Rousseau was spent in humiliation, worry and fear for life.
  • He had fled from England in Geneva and France till 1766-68 and finally died in France in 1778 AD.
  • Fifteen years after his death, on the occasion of the French state revolution, he was proud to be a great man and a revolutionary.


Rousseau Education Philosophy 


"Everything is good as long as it is released from the hands of the doer, but it gets worse when it comes into the hands of man."

This is the key to Rousseau 's philosophy of education, that he has criticised the art of The Times and stated that human life had been ruined with out - of - the - way and unwittingly.

According to Rousseau, nature, man and matter are the three modes of education.

He respected the traits and qualities of the child very much because he believed that they were different from those of the adults, the teacher should not ignore them.


The child should not be considered a little adult, because what may be of benefit to the adult may be harmful to the young.

The child 's mind should not be exposed to such unconnected knowledge that he may not be interested in.

Rousseau 's education is prohibitive, according to him, he did not wish to give any kind of formal education to the child at the age of twelve. But they should be left to go with nature to give the child the right opportunity for equal development.

They believe that education is the equality of nature, man and things, the equality of these three is the reflection of good education. But since man and nature are not always made, man will have to choose one to become a man or a citizen,


Rousseau 's choice is towards man and, therefore, he regards natural education as good by social education.

Rousseau divides education into four parts, towards infancy, childhood, adolescence and adulthood.

Rousseau believes that the beginning of education must be saved from birth. What he learns from nature is his teaching.

The basic aim of Rousseau 's education is material and, therefore, he wants to keep the child dependent on things rather than on persons.


Aims of the Education of the Rousseau 


"Life is not just about breathing. Life is action, using our organs, sense organs, abilities and our parts is life that make us feel alive. A person with more experience of life is not one who lives longer. But he is a man who has fully experienced life."

Rousseau 's teachings were against the theory of study. He did not like to give long lectures because the little boys did not notice or understand them. Rousseau feels that what the child learns from his own mission leaves a deep impression in his life.


Rousseau Philosophy of Education b.ed notes

The Educational Principle of the Rousseau 


The principles of his instructional subjects in details concerning the life of the Rousseau are as follows :

1. Naturalism :

Rousseau was a naturalist. He called for natural education as natural and criticized the regular and artificial education system in the school. According to Rousseau, the child needs a social and natural environment, not for education. Rousseau returned to nature and gave a slogan to follow nature, who believed that nature was the greatest source of the child 's education.


2. Evolution of natural human:

In natural education Rousseau wanted to develop the natural man. Education that derives man from the influence of society and group is human education and education that he derives from the surroundings is natural education and that is the true education.

3. Significance of Matter:

Rousseau has given the 3 source of education

i) Nature.

ii) Human.

iii) Matter 


The three must be synthesised in the education of the child. According to him education should consist of a synthesis of human matter and nature. These three are the means for the development of naturalistic attitude and thought in the child. The three are educators.


The school according to Rousseau

Rousseau was against schooling. He believed that the child was pure and pure from birth. In the dirty surroundings of the school, it becomes morbid. The child should be left in a natural environment apart from the parents and school. The function of education is to take care of it alone.

Woman education according to Rousseau 


Rousseau did not consider men and women alike. He considered women to be complementary to man. As he does not accept his own individuality, his views on women 's education have been severely criticised. Rousseau wanted to lay special emphasis on the moral and religious teaching of women. His aim was only to educate him as mother and wife. Rousseau felt that women were not naturally interested in reading or writing. They wanted to keep the girls in hard bondage.

Evaluation of Educational thoughts of Rousseau 


1. Anti social :

Rousseau 's thought was unsociable. He raised his voice against the social order and considered the state of nature as the ideal. He imparted education to the child away from society. He would keep the boy away from society at the age of 15.

2. Child knowledge incomplete:


Rousseau has expressed his views on the development of the boys and he does not seem right. "The little knowledge of Rousseau is faulty and his suggestion is unnatural and tortuous and sentimental."

3. Narrowing approach in women education:


Rousseau 's views on women' s education are negative and passive. It is also a symbol of his ignorance of her character. Rousseau confined the women to sexual satisfaction alone, but in today 's times these thoughts appear narrow and conservative.

4. The principle of natural discipline faulty:


Rousseau 's principle of natural discipline is applied because nature may be severe and fatal in her activities and the child should be treated as a child.

5. Conflicting notions :


Rousseau 's ideas included many contradictory elements. Rousseau, for instance, may have been very opposed to society in the beginning and brought emil to the society in order to provide education of the heart in his adolescence and established contact with people from place to place. In the beginning he opposed knowledge of books.


Teaching method according to Rousseau


1. Learning by Experience:

Rousseau wanted to learn 'emil '(first composition) not through books but through experience. He was against book education. He said that children should not be given any book education for 12 years. Children should not be aware of what books are. He believed "should I hate the book what we don't know. they teach us to talk about the same."

2. Learning by doing:


According to Rousseau, the knowledge learnt by action is more permanent than the knowledge of words. They were against cramming. He believed that education should be acquired through self - observation, experience and exploration.

3. Discipline :


The naturalists wanted to give him greater freedom to discipline the boy. According to Rousseau, there should be no restrictions on boys, he believed that the boys should never be punished.

4. Schools: 


Rousseau was against schooling. He believed that a child was pure and pure from birth. In the soiled environment of the school, he becomes deformed. The child should be abandoned to the natural environment, separate from the parents and the school. The teacher's job is only to look after him. He will develop his own strength in natural surroundings.

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