## Meaning of Remedial Teaching | Principles of Remedial Teaching | Remedial Teaching for Gifted Children

**What is Remedial Teaching ?**

## Meaning of Remedial Teaching

This method is not psychological. After diagnostic evaluation of weak and academically backward students, remedial teaching is used to improve their areas of weakness.

**Blair or Jones** has said about remedial education,- "Remedial teaching is basically a good method of teaching which gives the student an opportunity to make progress according to his mental level. It brings him to a higher standard according to his potential through internal methods of motivation. It is based on careful diagnosis of difficulties and adapted to the needs and interests of the students."

Diagnostic evaluation and remedial teaching are intertwined in such a way that it is difficult to separate them apart from the functions of analysis and interpretation.

## Principles of Remedial Teaching

To make remedial teaching successful, the teacher should pay attention to the following principles:-

- A close relationship should be established between the teacher and the student.

- The whole system of treatment should be clearly planned and careful work should be done in its implementation.

- Teachers adopt a comprehensive approach based on their experiences.

- Every aspect of remedial teaching should be adapted to the age, interest, ability and experiences of the children.

- To maintain the interest of children during remedial teaching, they should be given adequate encouragement.

- The specialty of the remedial method should be that it should enable the student to get quick results regarding his success.

- The student should be kept active as much as possible during the process. Work experience should be an essential part of our remedial teaching.

- Teachers should also be proficient in the construction of diagnostic tests.

## Remedial Teaching for Backward Children

Under remedial teaching, while making class classes, if weak children are kept in the same class, then the teacher can be helpful in their progress. The number of such children in the class should not be more than 20 - 25.

Desirable teaching habits can be developed by individual counseling in weak students. A program of regular practice is essential for success in mathematics.

**In order to make the teaching of weak children effective, the following measures should be taken: **

- While solving the problems of mathematics in the class, the attention of the students should be specially drawn towards those concepts, principles, procedures etc. in which the students commit errors.

- Concepts should be clarified using models, charts etc. for weak students.

- Students should be supported in learning Mathematics by giving individual counseling in class and after class as needed.

- Improvement in the written work of the students should be done in front of them as far as possible and students should not repeat the rectified errors again.

- Weak students should be made to sit at the front of the class.

- Students should be inculcated the habit of writing clean and large, in which they would be comfortable while calculating.

- The examples in the class should be selected keeping in mind the level of detail and difficulty of the subject matter.

- Care should be taken while teaching the basic sub-topics of Arithmetic and Algebra.

- Decimals percentages, ratios, unit rules equations, graphs, etc. are the basic sub-topics of mathematics which are widely used to solve problems. These sub-topics should be taught very carefully.

- The material written on the blackboard should be systematic, clear and useful.

- The blackboard work should be developed with the active cooperation of the students.

- Effective question and answer method should be used to keep the students aware in the class.

- Before solving the problems, it should be made clear to the students that 'what is to be found and how to find the desired answer? The language of the problems should be simple and clear.

- Students should get enough opportunities to think and reason in the class.

- Students should do the practice questions of each sub-topic by themselves and remember by discussing various concepts , processes, principles etc.so that they develop a sense of self confidence.

- Weak students should be given enough practice in the classroom to do oral and mental arithmetic. Such students should not be discouraged.

#### Remedial Teaching for Gifted Children

### Remedial Teaching for Talented Children

Due to not getting intense opportunities to develop their abilities adequately in bright minded children, they remain restless and their mind starts wandering here and there without engaging in the classroom environment.

Apart from this, if they do not get the necessary counseling and guidance they start participating in anti-social activities and their tendency turns towards crime.

Class work seems boring to them.

Therefore, it is necessary to use effective and attractive study methods to make good use of the mental and physical power of gifted children so that they can be kept busy in useful work.

**While teaching gifted children, it is necessary to keep the following points in mind :**

- Talented children should be kept employed in a systematic manner through a well-planned programme.

- They should be taught modern mathematics by establishing coordination in different branches of mathematics.

- These children should be taught through systematic material. Deduction, synthesis, laboratory, heuristic and project methods should be used in the teaching of these children.

- Subtle concepts can be presented directly in front of these children in place of gross or visible objects.

- Special examinations should be organized for the evaluation of these children.

- The teacher should encourage such children to read mathematics related history development of mathematics magazines and related literature in addition to mathematics curriculum.

- For such children, more attention should be given to written mathematics than mental and oral mathematics.

- Sometimes such children should also be assigned the task of teaching in the class. Doing this will increase their confidence.

- Some problems in the classroom should be presented as challenges to the gifted students.

- With such children, the teacher should make attractive teaching aids related to mathematics.

- Gifted children should be encouraged to solve the same problem in different ways.

- Gifted children take great interest in mathematical discoveries. Therefore, they should be given enough opportunities to learn and know new inventions related to mathematics.

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