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Meaning, Definition and Importance of Evaluation | Stages and Objectives of Evaluation


Meaning, Definition and Importance of Evaluation | Stages and Objectives of Evaluation 


Evaluation is the process by which we assess the knowledge of a student. It is only through evaluation that the student's deficiencies in a subject, his interest in a subject and his talent are assessed. 

In this post, we will give you detailed information about the meaning of evaluation, definition of evaluation, steps of evaluation, purpose of evaluation, importance of evaluation.

Definition of Evaluation :-


Definition of evaluation according to Quillin and Hanna: -

“Evaluation is the process of collecting and interpreting evidence about changes brought about by the school in the behavior of students.”

Definition of evaluation according to MN Dandekar: -

“Evaluation can be defined as a systematic method which ascertains the extent to which the student has been able to achieve the objectives.”

Objectives of Evaluation :-


Objectives of Evaluation Although their objectives become clear from the concept described before measurement and evaluation, yet the major objectives of educational measurement and evaluation can be listed as follows-

1. Knowledge test and development information :-

Its main objective is to know to what extent the students have achieved the objectives of the prescribed curriculum, to what extent their development has taken place, what are the obstacles in their development, etc.


2. Motivation of learning :-

Learning is stimulated through measurement and evaluation and attempts are made to reach predetermined objectives.

3. Information about individual differences: -

Through measurement and evaluation, information about mutual differences of students is obtained, due to which their physical, psychological qualities and defects are known.


4. Diagnosis :-

One of the main purposes of measurement and evaluation is to identify the weak areas of the students and help them move forward.

5. To find out the effectiveness of teaching :-

The effectiveness of teaching methods is assessed with the help of measurement and evaluation.


6. Curriculum Improvement:-

The main purpose of measurement and evaluation is to check the usefulness of the curriculum and to improve the curriculum to increase its usefulness.

7. Selection:-

One of the main objectives of measurement and evaluation is to provide useful textbooks and help in selecting students according to need and ability.


8. Information about usefulness of teaching aids :-

Improvement is done by checking the usefulness of teaching aids with the help of measurement and evaluation.

9. Classification :-

Students can be classified as good, average, poor with the help of measurement and evaluation.


10. Instructions :-

The purpose of measurement and evaluation is to provide guidance to students for career, education, etc.

11. Grant of certificate :-

With the help of measurement and evaluation, certificates are provided to the students at the end of the classes.


12. Determination of standards :-

With the help of measurement and evaluation, relevant standards are created for the interpretation of test scores.

Steps of Evaluation :-

There are several steps in the evaluation process which are as follows –

1. Determination of objectives :-


  • determination of general objectives
  • setting specific objectives 

2. Organization of learning activities: -

  • selection of teaching points
  • Creating appropriate learning experiences through teaching activities
  • behavior change 

3. Evaluation :-


  • Selection of appropriate measurement tools to test expected behavior change
  • Administration and marking of measuring instruments
  • Score analysis and interpretation
  • Application of the results obtained
  • page nutrition and remedial program
  • appropriate records and reports 

Importance of Evaluation :-


  • Evaluation means marking the value. Appraisal is a process of value determination.
  • Evaluation is of utmost importance for various persons related to the education process, especially students, parents, teachers, administrators and the society.
  • It is through evaluation that students get to know about their academic progress. With this, they generate inspiration, self-satisfaction, self-confidence, courage to move forward and also get information about their shortcomings, which inspires them to work tirelessly in the future.
  • Evaluation is also very important for teachers, through this they improve their teaching by getting the right information.
  • Through evaluation, teachers know the effectiveness of the curriculum, teaching method, lesson plan, teaching material, etc., and make amendments according to the need from time to time.
  • With the help of evaluation, teachers identify the interests, abilities, capabilities, personality, strengths, shortcomings etc. of the children and guide them appropriately.
  • Evaluation is helpful in improving and upgrading the quality of education.
  • Evaluation is very important for taking appropriate educational decisions.
  • Through evaluation, educationists, administrators, teachers, students and parents can know the extent to which the learning objectives have been achieved.
  • Evaluation clarifies the objectives of instruction. Motivates students to study.
  • Necessary improvements can be made in the curriculum, teaching methods, supporting material etc. on the basis of evaluation.
  • Evaluation brings improvement in classroom teaching. The teacher gets to know his shortcoming due to which he makes his teaching more organized.
  • Educational and vocational guidance can be given to the students on the basis of evaluation.
  • Evaluation makes it possible to know the interests, aptitudes, skills, abilities, attitudes and behaviors of the students.
  • The usefulness of various educational programs can be learned from evaluation.