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Meaning, definition, types, steps and characteristics of thinking | Bednotesatoz


Meaning, definition, types, steps and characteristics of thinking 


The word thinking keeps on being mentioned in child psychology. Thinking is a major topic of child development. In this article, what is the meaning of thinking and the definition of thinking, how many types of thinking are there? Will learn in detail about the steps of thinking and the characteristics of thinking.

Meaning of Thinking 


What is the meaning of thinking? First of all this should be understood. Man is a social animal, you also know and we too. So difficulties and problems keep coming in human life.

Man thinks of different ways to solve problems. Thinking of this solution is called thinking. This is very serious. It is only from this that it is decided whether the problem has to be solved or not.


Definitions of Thinking 

The definitions of thinking are being given according to various psychologists.

Ross's definition of thinking

Thinking is the cognitive aspect of mental activity. It is a mental action related to the things of the mind.


Raeburn's definition of thinking

thinking is an action related to desire. Which starts due to some dissatisfaction. And on the basis of effort it reaches the moving position which satisfies the desire.

Definition of thinking according to Valentine

The word thinking is used for that action. In which series of thoughts flow continuously towards a goal or objective.


Definition of thinking according to Garrett-

Thinking is a kind of latent and mysterious behavior, in which symbols (images, ideas, concepts) are used in general.

Kinds / Types of Thinking 

There are mainly 4 types of thinking -

  • Positive / Perceptive thinking
  • Conceptual thinking
  • Imaginative thinking
  • logical thinking 


Four types of thinking

1- Perceptive thinking :-

As it is clear from the name that only that thing will be contemplated in it which will be visible. That means it will be in front. 

In this the child thinks about those things which are present in front of him in the physical environment.

2- Conceptual thinking:-

This is a slightly higher type of thinking. In this, the formation of ideas starts in the child, then he thinks. 


The more suffixes will be formed in the child. That much conceptual thinking will be in him. 

By suffix is ​​meant the formation of any kind of image. The child learns to make pictures of animals and objects etc. in his mind. On this basis starts contemplation.

3- Imaginative thinking:-

In this thinking and thinking about things even without being in front of them is called imaginative thinking. In this the child learns to imagine. 

Now he can think about objects etc. even when he is not in front of them, this is just imaginative thinking.


4- Logical thinking:-

In this, contemplation is done on the basis of many principles, arguments etc. Not everyone is able to do this contemplation. This is the highest type of thinking. Intellectuals often use this type of thinking.

Characteristics of thinking

Some of the characteristics of contemplation are as follows-


  • The problem can be solved by thinking.
  • Thinking is done by every person.
  • Gentle men always keep on thinking.
  • Thinking is a mental process.
  • Thinking is a special quality.

Steps of thinking 

The steps of thinking are as follows-

  • Problem assessment
  • Compilation of related facts
  • Jumping to conclusions
  • Conclusion test 


Assessment of the problem:-

This is the first step of contemplation. Any problem is assessed in this. What is this problem after all? What kind of problem is this? Then it increases in the next step.

Compilation of related facts:-

In this the facts related to that problem are compiled. All the facts related to that problem are compiled.


Jumping to conclusions:-

Then after compiling all the facts, the conclusion is reached. After reaching the conclusion, move on to the next step.

conclusion test:-

Now that conclusion is tested whether this conclusion is true or false, how are its consequences etc.


So friends, in today's article, we have learned the meaning and definition of contemplation, the types of contemplation, the characteristics of contemplation and also the steps of contemplation. Hope after reading this you must have understood the topic of contemplation completely.