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Elements of Creativity | Development of Creativity in Children


Elements of creativity :

Following are the elements which develop creativity –

1. Creativity level : - This thinking is simple and mechanical. The thinking in which there is directness is called convergent thinking. Along with evaluation, convergent thinking is the third aspect of creative powers. It is necessary for the person to rearrange the situation. This is also called functional stability. To study creativity, both types of thinking are examined.

2. Intellectual level : - High intelligence quotient (IQ) is necessary for creative power. Only high achieving students have the courage to do every work in a new, original and traditional way. It happens but apart from this, people with low IQ can also be creative.

3. Measurable behavior – This is an important element of creativity. This is revealed by measuring those behaviors which can be measured by an objective , reliable and valid method. It is impossible to study those behaviors which cannot be measured by the above methods.


4. Originality and Novelty : - Originality and the ability to work in a new way is absolutely essential for creativity. If a child has the courage to move away from the traditional way and do new work, then he will come within the scope of creativity.

5. Medium : There must be some medium for creativity . If a child demonstrates his creative power through thinking , writing , reading , reasoning , imagination , teaching and any other activity, then it will be creativity.

6. Courage : - Courage is also an important element of creativity. If a child does not have the new way of working , the courage not to be afraid of failures and the courage to change the conventions and traditions of the society, then “ originality” cannot arise.


7. Social acceptance : - Creativity is the condition under which the society recognizes the thoughts or actions of a child. Like a pickpocket can pick pockets with his innovative style but the society does not forgive him. Therefore, the question of him getting recognition from the society does not arise. Therefore, only the work which is prestigious and accepted by the society is called creative.

8. Proficiency : - No child or person can do creative work until he/she attains proficiency in his/her subject. Proficiency means "efficiency". In a state of efficiency, he will not be able to complete original or new work. In an incomplete state we will not call it creative.

Development of Creativity in Children :

After ascertaining the creative capacity and capability of children, it is necessary that in order to provide appropriate opportunities and facilities for their proper development and nurturing, such an environment should be presented in the school in which the creativity of the students gets a chance to progress. The following efforts can be made in this direction -


1. To increase the tendency of curiosity : - Children are curious by nature, hence the teacher should give freedom and opportunity to the students to ask as many questions as possible. Also present appropriate answers and solutions to the questions or doubts asked by them.

2. Encouraging creative inclination : - Creative inclination is innate in children. He keeps making or destroying something. Therefore, in schools also, proper facilities should be provided to children to engage in creative work.

3. Development of the sense of originality : - Whatever knowledge is given to the teacher to develop creativity in children , they should be able to present it in a new form, this is originality.


4. Encouraging originality : - Whatever originality there is in the children's work, the teacher should accept and praise it so that the children are encouraged to present their new ideas.

5. Increasing self-confidence : - To develop creativity in children, it is very important to have self-confidence . Therefore, to do any new work, they should be made optimistic so that they can engage in that new work with full confidence and dedication.

6. Positive attitude towards work : - All work is equal. No work is small or big in itself. The teacher should try to develop such a positive attitude towards work in the children.

7. Providing opportunities for creative expression : - Getting pictures , charts etc. made and displayed in the classroom , organizing exhibition of handmade items , arranging bulletin board or school magazine , museum , organizing various co-curricular activities, etc. programs provide students with the opportunity to express themselves creatively. Provide opportunities to demonstrate ability. Therefore, the teacher should organize these activities and programs in the school.


8. Motivating : - Children should be motivated to engage in creative work as per their interest and ability.

9. Reward and praise - If the new ideas , new materials and new activities displayed by children are praised by teachers and parents, then it encourages them to do even better work.

10. Developing adaptive behavioral habits : - For the development of creativity , it is also necessary for children to have some healthy behavioral habits like hard work , dedication , fearlessness , sense of humor , tolerance etc. Teachers should develop such habits in children.

11. School education system and classroom : - Necessary improvements in teaching - The environment of school and classroom should also be suitable for developing creativity in children. For this, attention should be paid to the following things.


(i) The physical and emotional environment of the school should be favorable.

( ii) The subjects and activities in the curriculum should be arranged in such a way that children's creativity gets an opportunity to develop.

( iii) In classroom teaching, teachers should adopt such new techniques instead of traditional teaching methods which will inspire children to do something new.

( iv) Creative students should be given an opportunity to come forward by organizing co-curricular activities in the school from time to time.

(v) The examination system should also be changed in such a way that instead of rote knowledge, students get an opportunity to present their original ideas. 


(vi) Smooth relationship between parents and teachers provides proper nourishment to the creativity of children.

It is the duty of principals , teachers and parents to make efforts to provide full facilities and appropriate opportunities to develop the creative abilities of children in a cooperative manner so that children can get opportunities to move forward.