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Difference between verbal intelligence test and nonverbal intelligence test


Difference between verbal intelligence test and nonverbal intelligence test 


You can understand the difference found in verbal intelligence test and non-verbal intelligence test through the points given below-

Verbal Intelligence test 


  • In these, intellectual problems are presented to the examinee through words or language.
  • In verbal test, a person needs knowledge of language and numbers.
  • Their construction and administration are relatively simple and less expensive.
  • The responses to the verbal intelligence test are to be scored in the test booklet after reading the instructions given in the same booklet.
  • The results of these tests are affected by the social, cultural and environmental conditions of the user.
  • To mark the response, methods like marking words/sentences, filling in the blanks, matching, ticking, etc. are used in the verbal test.
  • Time restriction is not very important in verbal test.
  • Language development has an impact on intelligence test scores.
  • They can be used only on persons who are educated and know the language of the test.
  • These tests are not suitable for young children and children with low intelligence.
  • These tests can be conducted in both individual and group forms.
  • The objectivity, reliability and validity of forest tests are relatively high.

Non-verbal Intelligence test 

  • In this, intellectual problems are presented through line drawings, figures or gross objects.

  • In non-verbal test, the person does not need to have knowledge of language and numbers.

  • Their construction and administration are complicated. Therefore, it requires skilled and trained persons and is also more expensive.
  • In non-verbal intelligence test, the test taker gives verbal instructions and the examinee acts according to the verbal instructions. Instructions can also be written but words or numbers are not used for the response.

  • The results of these tests are not affected by social, cultural and environmental factors. Hence they are also called culture free tests.

  • In non-verbal test, methods are used to identify pictures, fill parts, make shapes, connect blocks according to pictures, etc.
  • Time limit is very important in measuring intelligence in non-verbal test.

  • The level of knowledge of the language does not affect the result of the intelligence test.

  • They can be used on uneducated or illiterate people and speakers of any language.

  • There is a possibility of subjectivity in these tests. These tests are world class and valid as well as culture free.
  • Nonverbal intelligence tests are often administered individually.

  • These tests are suitable for small children and retarded children and people with mental and physical retardation like deaf and dumb.